Comprehensive evaluation and spatial distinction of land use efficiency around Bohai Rim in China
2013, 32 (4):
Multi-function of land use determined its diverse efficiency. While, there are fewer studies which evaluated land use efficiency based on comprehensive measurement at the regional scale. It is time to carry out similar studies. The arm of this paper is to compare the main benefit of land use at different counties around Bohai Rim. At first; we constructed evaluation index system of land use efficiency, benefit measurement index, and coupling degree models. And then, we analyzed social, economic and ecological benefits of land use and its temporal- spatial coordination characteristics at the county level around Bohai Rim, which is chosen as a case study area. The conclusions can be drawn as follows. (1) It is quite obvious that land use benefits presented characteristics of spatial distinction and agglomeration. High economic value zone distributed in coastal area and inland plain area, while high ecological value zone in the basin of northwest Hebei mountains, Hebei Bashang Plateau, and mountain areas of Liaoning. (2) Based on the analysis of coupling degree models, the stage of running areas had the most numbers, which is accounting for 63.9% of the total units. (3) Coupling degree indexes showed that minor imbalance areas occupied leading position, the second is the primary coordinating regional, which are accounting for 51.09% and 31.76% of the total areas, respectively. So, it needs to put forward to control these regional problems. These measures, including dividing land use zone which can make the leading function of county land use clearly, making different land use policy, enhancing land management and planning, establishing and perfecting interest coordination and compensation mechanisms, are comprehensive ways to solve the coordination of land use benefits.
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