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    Geographical creation in turbulent times: Zhang Xiangwen's geoscience career and academic contributions
    LIN Bingquan, YE Chao
    PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY    2022, 41 (8): 1542-1552.   DOI: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2022.08.016
    Abstract561)   HTML5)    PDF (10154KB)(71)      

    Zhang Xiangwen was a pioneer geographer in modern China. In the turbulent period of the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China, he combined his academic pursuit with patriotism, and sought to serve the nation through geoscience discipline in the midst of his changing identities. His primary social identity as a geographer was intertwined with multiple identities such as revolutionist, historian, educator, and industrialist. Zhang Xiangwen's academic contributions include leading the establishment of the China Geoscience Society, which was the predecessor of the Geographical Society of China; the founding of the Journal of Geosciences, which was the first Chinese academic journal of geography; the proposal of the Qinling-Huaihe north-south geographical boundary; the creation and compilation of geography textbooks; and the active engagements in flood control research and field research. This article attempted to tease out Zhang Xiangwen's main activities, academic thoughts, and their practical implications by extensive data comparison. It is argued that open mindedness and professionalism, outstanding organizational leadership, and active participation in solving practical and societal issues led to Zhang Xiangwen's pioneering work, which still has significance for the development of geographers and academic community nowadays.

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    Between emotion and landscape: Yi-Fu Tuan’s place-based experiences and writing arts
    WU Peijin, YE Chao
    PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY    2023, 42 (6): 1172-1180.   DOI: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2023.06.012
    Abstract194)   HTML5)    PDF (788KB)(96)      

    Since the 1970s, the value of "emotion" in geographic research has been highlighted, resulting in a humanistic geography that focuses on human experiences and emotions about places. The process of shaping "place" is also the process of individual growth and human cultural evolution. It is important to explore how humanistic geographers like Yi-fu Tuan write about place at the methodological level. From the perspective of Yi-fu Tuan's "self", this paper rediscovers and recreates his place experiences, focusing on the relationship between place experiences and individual thought formation, life practices and emotional changes, and analyzing his writing arts in order to grasp the core concepts and methodological elements of humanistic geography. Yi-fu Tuan's distinctive writing art is formed mainly through "five combinations": the combination of geography and philosophy, the combination of dialectic of dualistic values, the combination of experience and experiment, the combination of linguistic expression and cultural comparison, and the combination of paraphrase and self-narrative. Yi-fu Tuan's humanistic geography reveals the complexity and vividness of the interaction between "emotion" and "landscape", and the essence of place and self in a constantly intertwined and co-generative process.

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