Original Articles

The Relationship Between the Urban-rural Income Inequality and Urbanization in West China: A Case Study of Qinghai Province

  • 1. Institute of Modern Urban-Rural Development Planning, the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing 100730, China|
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China

Received date: 2009-10-01

  Revised date: 2010-03-01

  Online published: 2010-08-25


Abstract: Over the past decade, China has developed very fast. Great achievements have been made almost in every field, especially in urbanization. However, regional difference and urban-rural inequality are still a bottle neck problem for sustainable development. The urban-rural income inequality is evoking a heated discussion in China at present. The study area of this paper is Qinghai Province, a typical western province in China located on the Tibetan Plateau with an average altitude more than 3000 meters above the sea level, and more than half of the province is in arid and semi-arid areas. The urban-rural disparity is higher than the average level and much higher than eastern China. The Granger causality test and cointegration tests have many advantages in time series analysis. This paper uses them to analyze the urban-rural income inequality time series and urbanization time series from 1985 to 2008. By constructing the cointegration tests and error correction model of the urban-rural income inequality time series and urbanization time series, this paper argues that there exists a long term balanced relationship between the urban-rural income inequality and urbanization. The Granger causality tests suggest that the urban-rural income inequality has the Granger-causality with urbanization, but urbanization does not have the Granger-causality with urban-rural income inequality. Urbanization is indeed an important measure to reduce the increasingly urban-rural inequality. But there are many influencing factors in reducing urban-rural disparity, such as historical economic background, scale of central city, geographical environment and natural resources, level of market development, location and transportation, impact of globalization and climate change, quantity and quality of the population and regional development strategy. All of the factors mentioned above will have impacts on the development of urban economy and regional economy in Qinghai Province.

Cite this article

YANG Guo’an,XU Yong . The Relationship Between the Urban-rural Income Inequality and Urbanization in West China: A Case Study of Qinghai Province[J]. PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY, 2010 , 29(8) : 961 -967 . DOI: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2010.08.009


[1] 姚士谋, 王辰, 张落成, 等. 我国资源环境对城镇化问题的影响因素. 地理科学进展, 2008, 27(3): 94-100.

[2] 耿海清. 我国城市化水平滞后的原因分析及未来展望. 地理科学进展, 2003, 22(1): 103-110.

[3] 蔡昉, 杨涛. 城乡收入差距的政治经济学. 中国社会科学, 2000(4): 11-21.

[4] 蔡昉. 城乡收入差距与制度变革的临界点. 中国社会科学, 2003(5): 16-25.

[5] 陈宗胜, 周云波. 体制改革对城镇居民收入差别的影响. 中国社会科学, 2001(6): 56 - 60.

[6] 黄祖辉, 王敏, 万广华. 中国居民收入不平等问题: 基于转移性收入角度的分析. 管理世界, 2003(3): 71 -75.

[7] 黄祖辉, 陆建琴, 王敏. 城乡收入差距问题研究: 基于收入来源视角. 浙江大学学报:人文社会科学版, 2005, 35(4): 122-129.

[8] 周端明, 蔡敏. 中国城乡收入差距研究述评. 中国农村经济, 2008(3): 66-74.

[9] 陆铭, 陈钊. 城市化, 城市倾向的经济政策与城乡收入差距. 经济研究, 2004(6): 50-58.

[10] 林光彬. 等级制度, 市场关系与城乡收入扩大. 管理世界, 2004(12): 30-40.

[11] 李卫兵. 地位收益: 中国城乡收入差距日益扩大的原因. 中国农村经济, 2005(12): 29-25.

[12] 刘慧. 中国农村居民收入区域差异变化的因子解析. 地理学报, 2008, 63(8): 1-8.

[13] 陶群山. 中国城乡收入差距扩大的二元经济结构分析. 经济前沿, 2009(5): 41-46.

[14] Granger C W. Investigating causality relations by economic models and cross spectral methods. Econometrics, 1969, 37(3): 424-438.

[15] Kaufmann R K, Stern D I. Evidence for human influence on climate from hemispheric temperature relations. Nature, 1997, 388: 39-44.

[16] 汪生, 孙乐昌, 干国政. Granger因果关系检验在攻击检测中的应用研究. 计算机应用, 2005, 25(6): 1282-1285.

[17] 王立平, 龙志和. 基于Granger原因的因果关系检验方法评析. 合肥工业大学学报: 自然科学版, 2005, 28(4): 430-434.

[18] 古扎拉蒂. 计量经济学. 北京: 中国人民大学出版社, 2002: 613-615.

[19] Engle R E, Ganger C W J. Cointegration and error correction representation, estimation and testing. Econometrica, 1987, 55(2): 251-276.

[20] 宋翠玲. 对我国区际经济与金融差距关联性的实证分析. 数量经济技术经济研究, 2007(10): 120-130.

[21] 陈伟国, 樊士德. 金融发展与城乡收入分配的库兹涅茨效应研究: 基于中国省级面板数据的检验. 当代财经, 2009(3): 44-49.

[22] Kremers J J M, Ericson N R, Dolado J J. The Power of Cointegration Tests. Oxford: Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 1992: 325-348.