Original Articles

The Water Resour ce Base for Modern Urbanization

  • Institute of Geographical Sciences and Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China

Received date: 2007-12-01

  Revised date: 2008-01-01

  Online published: 2008-01-25


Urbanization can be referred to as a process by which human activities and productive factors are concentrated from rural areas to city areas. As a result,modern cities and towns play as the central places of wealth accumulation for human- being,not only in the ways of settlement and material consumption,but also in the ways of social production and environmental pollution. In terms of the law of ecological evolution,the behaviors of cities and towns in consumption of water resources are also composed of three types, namely, the direct one,the indirect one and the induced one. More importantly,however,such behaviors are proved in a general pattern formatted by the direct < the indirect < the induced according to the material and environmental input for city- ecological system, and it can be labeled as an inversed- Pyramid Structure compared with the Pyramid Structure for the natural eco- system. Under this circumstance, the water- resource base for the development of modern cities and towns is far beyond the boundaries of the cities themselves, and it covers,in the point view of city- ecology system,the region and the country where the cities and towns are located,and or even the whole world.

Cite this article

ZHANG Lei, ZHU Peng . The Water Resour ce Base for Modern Urbanization[J]. PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY, 2008 , 27(1) : 1 -8 . DOI: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2008.01.001


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