Original Articles

Resource Scarcity and China Resource Saving Direction

  • 1. Institute of Geographical Science and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China|
    2. Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100039,China

Received date: 2005-03-01

  Revised date: 2005-06-01

  Online published: 2005-07-25


With the rapid economic development of China, the restriction of resource scarcity is becoming more and more apparent. As one of the biggest developing countries, China faces severe challenge from resources and environment. As a whole, the resources condition of China have following characteristics: (a) resource quantity of China is large but scarce per capita; (b) resource structure is unbalanced between different elements, water resource and forest resource and environment is in the inferior position in the world; and (c) a great deal of resource and environment input in these years has not only havocked the resource base but also aggravated the environment. Even worse, there are a lot of problems existing in the resource exploitation and consumption; For example, lower resource utility efficiency causes a great deal of resource consumption, inferior quality shortens the life span of product, insufficiency of manufacture intensifies waste abundance of resources, unbalance between production and consumption makes severe overstock, disagreement between resource distribution and production consumes lots of freight cost, bad resource management chucks away resource, etc. In order to keep safe and steady resource supply of China in future, it is important to regulate and control during all processes from resource production to consumption, so the basic model of China′s resource saving economy should be saving during resource consumption, intension during production, governmental intervention and market regulation during circulation, and science and technology input during education. Based on the points mentioned above, the way to China′s resource saving economy should be focus on following aspects:(1) Build up recycle economic society to promote sustainable development; (2) Advance national resource machining degree to increase the technology extent of product; (3) Establish resource management system to suit to socialist market economy; and (4) Boost up environmental consciousness.

Cite this article

JIANG Wei, ZHANG Lei . Resource Scarcity and China Resource Saving Direction[J]. PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY, 2005 , 24(4) : 56 -64 . DOI: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2005.04.007


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