Original Articles

Progr ess on Theor ies and Methods of Water shed Eco- health Assessment

  • 1. Key Lab of Water and Sand Science, Ministry of Education, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    2. State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China

Received date: 2007-09-01

  Revised date: 2007-12-01

  Online published: 2008-01-25


Watershed ecosystem is a social- economic- natural complex ecosystem. Watershed eco-health assessment can help watershed layout, protection and comprehensive management, and can provide basis for decision- making. In this paper, the concept and characteristics of watershed eco- health are introduced, and the history, current condition and research scale of watershed ecohealth assessment are put forward. The assessment should be carried out from broad temporal-spatial scales. This research summarizes methods of watershed eco- health assessment in the past years both at home and abroad. There are two main methods: one is biological assessment and the other is indices assessment. It should be careful in selecting bio- indicator species because the sensitivity and reliability of species need to be considered simultaneously. The indices should include six categories: bio- assessment, water condition assessment, hydrological assessment, habitat assessment, social- economic assessment and human health assessment. Every category has some relative indices. Because of the complexity of watershed ecosystem, the measures of watershed eco- health indices are difficult sometimes. The measurement methods should be further developed. Ecosystem restoration is needed for those unhealthy watershed ecosystems and methods of it are introduced. Watershed eco- health assessment is a developing theory system and there are some problems that should be further discussed in this field. Last, these problems and research trends in future are pointed out.

Cite this article

LI Chunhui, CUI Wei, PANG Aiping, ZHENG Xiaokang . Progr ess on Theor ies and Methods of Water shed Eco- health Assessment[J]. PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY, 2008 , 27(1) : 9 -17 . DOI: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2008.01.002


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