Original Articles

Methods of Constructing Distributed Hydrological Model Based on DEM

  • 1. Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research,CAS, Beijing 100101 China;
    2. College of Hydraulic & Environmental Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450002 China;
    3. Hydraulic and Electric Engineering Department of Wuhan University,Wuhan 430072 China

Received date: 2002-08-01

  Revised date: 2002-08-01

  Online published: 2002-09-24


Resent advances in remote sensing, geographic information systems, and computer technology make the use of distributed hydrological model, based on digital elevation model (DEM), an attractive approach or tool to studying hydrological processes and evolution laws of water resources under changing environment. But distributed hydrological model is not perfect compared with lumped hydrological model. In order to promote its development, based on DEM, this paper discusses and sums up the characteristics of distributed hydrological model, then probes into two main ways and means of constructing distributed hydrological model. One way is like SHE model, another is like SWAT model. Although distributed hydrological models can be made in different ways, the primary structure of the model is quite similar. A typical structure of DEM based distributed hydrological model is provided in this paper. To better study the impact of the changing environment on hydrological processes, a watershed must be divided into subunits. This paper expressly discusses the three most common techniques used to discretize a watershed, which are respectively grid cell discretization, representative hillslope discretization and subwatershed discretization. In the final, as to the problem of constructing model, the methods of building the components of the distributed hydrological model is set forth from three aspects: input module, unit hydrology model and river routing model. A brief comment on the current distributed hydrological model research and some advice are given in the conclusion. All these will provide a guidance for making distributed hydrological model based on DEM.

Cite this article

WANG Zhong gen, LIU Chang ming, ZUO Qi ting, Liu Qing e . Methods of Constructing Distributed Hydrological Model Based on DEM[J]. PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY, 2002 , 21(5) : 430 -439 . DOI: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2002.05.004


[1]  赵人俊.流域水文模拟[M].北京:水利电力出版社,1984.

[2]  文康等编著.地表径流过程的数学模拟[M].北京:水利电力出版社,1991.

[3]  左其亭,王中根著.现代水文学[M].郑州:黄河水利出版社,2002.1.

[4]  袁作新.流域水文模型[M].北京:水利电力出版社,1990.

[5]  D unn S M,M c A lister E,Ferrier R C.D evelopm en t and app lication of a d istribu ted catchm en t scale hyd ro log icalm odel fo r the R iver Y than,N E Sco tland[J].H y d rolog ica l P rocesses,1998(12):401-416.

[6]  M ichael B.A bbo tt and J en s Ch ristian R efsgaard.D istribu ted hyd ro log ical m odeling[M].Pub lished by K luw er Academ ic Pub lishers,1996.

[7]  芮孝芳.流域水文模型研究中的若干问题[J].水科学进展,1997(1):94-98.

[8]  黄平,赵吉国.流域分布型水文数学模型的研究及应用前景展望[J].水文,1997(5):5-10.

[9]  Kw an T L.Generating design hyd rog rap h s by D EM assisted geom o rp h ic runoff sim u lation:a case study[J].J ou rna l of the A m erican W a ter R esou rces A ssocia tion,1998,34(2):375-384.

[10]  魏文秋,于建营.地理信息系统在水文学和水资源管理中的应用[J].水科学进展,1997(3):296-300.

[11]  李志林,朱庆著.数字高程模型[M].武汉:武汉测绘大学出版社,2000.3.

[12]  Band L E.Topog rap h ic p artition of w atershed s w ith d ig ital elevation m odels[J].W a ter R esou rces R esea rch,1986(2):15-24.

[13]  Q ian Yadong,L u Guon ian,Chen Zhongm ing.Study fo r netw o rk s of runoff and sed im en t tran spo rt from g rid d ig ital elevation data[J].J ou rna l of S ed im en t R esea rch,1997(3):24-31.

[14]  郭方,刘新仁,任立良.以地形为基础的流域水文模型——TO PM OD E及其拓宽应用[J].水科学进展,2000(3):296-301.

[15]  D aw en Yang,Srikan tha H erath,Katum i M u siake.Sp atial reso lu tion sen sitivity of catchm en t geom o rp ho log icp rop erties and the effect on hyd ro log ical sim u lation[J].H y d rolog ica l P rocesses,2001(11):2085-2099.

[16]  詹道江,叶守泽.工程水文学[M].北京:中国水利水电出版社,2000.

[17]  周国逸著.生态系统水热原理及其应用[M].北京:气象出版社,1997.

[18]  莫兴国.区域蒸发研究综述[J].水科学进展,1996(2):180-185.