Original Articles

Research Progresses in Nitrous Oxide Emission from Soil

  • 1. Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101|
    2. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039

Received date: 2005-07-01

  Revised date: 2005-09-01

  Online published: 2005-11-25


Nitrous oxide is one of the most important greenhouse gases, which is 200 times more potent than carbon dioxide. Apart from being a greenhouse gas, it can also deplete the stratospheric ozone, exposing humanity to the harmful effects of solar ultra-violet radiation. Nitrous oxide in atmosphere has been increasing continuously due to human activity and it will influence the environment severely, so study on the emission of nitrous oxide is more and more important. Soil is the main source of nitrous oxide. In this paper, the authors give an overview on the mechanism and the key influencing factors of production and emission of nitrous oxide. The temporal and spatial characteristics of the emission of nitrous oxide and its modeling simulation are also studied. Nitrous oxide is mainly produced by the action of nitrification and de-nitrification in soil. The processes of nitrous oxide production and emission is very complex, and the key influencing factors include soil temperature, soil water content, soil pH, soil texture and agriculture management. Finally, some suggestions are put forward for further investigation in the near future. It is recommended that further study be focused on quantitative description between nitrous oxide and these factors, on the estimation of emission amount at global level, and on development of methods of reducing nitrous oxide emission in the future.

Cite this article

LIU Xingren,DONG Yunshe, QI Yuchun . Research Progresses in Nitrous Oxide Emission from Soil[J]. PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY, 2005 , 24(6) : 50 -58 . DOI: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2005.06.006


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