Original Articles

Settlement Morphology and Spatial Distribution Characteristics in Peri-urban Area: A Case Study of Jimei District, Xiamen

  • 1. Institute of Urban Environment, CAS, Xiamen 361003, Fujian, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. School of Biological Engineering, Jimei University, Xiamen 361021, Fujian, China

Received date: 2009-10-01

  Revised date: 2010-03-01

  Online published: 2010-05-25


A large number of peri-urban areas are fostered due to China's rapid economic development especially in the southeast coastal areas. The human settlements in peri-urban areas have changed drastically and formed unique settlement morphology in the process of rapid urbanization. Taking Jimei district, Xiamen city as an example, and using the qualitative and quantitative combined method, this study aims to probe into the changes of settlement morphology in the process of urbanization, and the impacts of urban expansion on the spatial distribution of settlements and the landscape pattern in their surrounding areas in this region. The innovations in this study include: (1) according to a comprehensive consideration of their physical form and non-material form characteristics, the settlements existing in the study area are classified to five types, i.e. rural settlement, town, suburb village, in-city village and urban settlement; (2) with SPOT-5 panchromatic band image in Dec. 2006 of this area, the spatial distribution characteristics of different settlements are analyzed at both regional scale and selected sample area scale using different landscape metrics; (3) the sample areas are established using different forms of settlements as their cores in order to compare the impact of urbanization on landscape pattern in their surrounding areas. Findings from metric analyses reveal that rural settlements have the largest share and tend to display scattered distribution at the regional scale. The proportion of in-city villages is larger than that of urban settlements within the urban built-up area, and the distribution of the latter in this region is more concentrated than the former. Affected by different degrees of urbanization, the landscape pattern in the surrounding areas of different forms of settlements shows features of the urbanization gradient, following the order of rural settlement→town→suburb village→in-city village→urban settlement, and the higher the degree of urbanization, the higher the level of landscape fragmentation in the sample area.

Cite this article

LIU Jiang, CUI Shenghui, TANG lina, QIU Quanyi, HUANG Yunfeng . Settlement Morphology and Spatial Distribution Characteristics in Peri-urban Area: A Case Study of Jimei District, Xiamen[J]. PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY, 2010 , 29(5) : 579 -585 . DOI: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2010.05.010


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