Original Articles

The Effects of Tourist Activity on Plant Species Diversity and Root System Biomass of Shrubs in Scenic Spots of Wuyi Mountain

  • College of Geographical Sciences, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou, 350007, China

Received date: 2008-09-01

  Revised date: 2008-12-01

  Online published: 2009-01-24


By means of research method of the comparative sample investigations, the indexes of plant species diversity, species evenness, species richness, cover degree and root system biomass of shrubs in the four typical scenic spots (Wuyi palace, Dahongpao, Longchuan falls and Tianyou peak) of Wuyi Mountain were investigated and analyzed, and the effect mechanism of tourist activity on shrubs is also researched. The results showed that tourist activity has a significant effect on the plant species diversity index of the shrubs except Shannon-Weiner evenness index,while on the roots system the effect of biomass is insignificant. Moreover, the indexes of the plant species diversity, cover degree, total root and fine root system biomass in disturbed districts are all below non-disturbed ones. Furthermore, the disturbance rate of the shrubs in the four scenic spots is in the following orders. The order of the plant species diversity index is: Wuyi palace > Tianyou peak > Longchuan falls> Dahongpao; the cover degree is: Dahongpao > Wuyi palace > Tianyou peak > Longchuan falls; the total root system biomass is: Tianyou peak > Dahongpao> Longchuan falls > Wuyi palace; and the fine root system is: Tianyou peak > Longchuan falls > Wuyi palace> Dahongpao.

Cite this article

WEN Yaxiang, ZHONG Quanlin, XIA Jinlin, XIAO Haiyan, ZHANG Xiaofang . The Effects of Tourist Activity on Plant Species Diversity and Root System Biomass of Shrubs in Scenic Spots of Wuyi Mountain[J]. PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY, 2009 , 28(1) : 147 -152 . DOI: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2009.01.020


[1] Kuvan Y. The use of forests for the purpose of tourism: The case of Belek Tourism Center in Turkey. Journal of Environmental Management,2005,75(3):263~274.

[2] Briassoulis H. Sustainable tourism and the question of the commons. Annals of Tourism Research,2002,29(4):1065~ 1085.

[3] 石强,钟林生,汪晓菲. 旅游活动对张家界国家森林公 园植物的影响. 植物生态学报,2004,28(1):107~113.

[4] Wall G, Wright C. The Environmental Impact of Outdoor Recreation. University of Waterloo,1997.

[5] 刘晓冰, 保继刚. 旅游开发的环境影响研究进展. 地理 研究,1996,15(4):92~100.

[6] Font A R. Mass tourism and the demand for protected natural areas: A travel coast approach. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 2000,39:97~116.

[7] Witztum E R, Stow D A. Analysing direct impacts of recreation activity on coastal sage scrub habitat with very high resolution multi -spectral imagery. Int J Remote Sons., 2004, 25(17):3477~3497.

[8] 项卫东, 薛建辉. 旅游干扰对森林景观与环境的影响. 南京林业大学学报,2000,24(S1):87~90.

[9] 钟永德,王怀采,黄家兰. 游憩活动对活地被物层植物 生物量和群落结构的影响. 浙江林学院学报,2007 ,24 (5): 593~598.

[10] 程占红,张金屯. 天龙山旅游开发对植被的影响. 地理科 学,2000,20(2):144~147.

[11] 冯学钢,包浩生. 旅游活动对风景区地被植物-土壤环境 影响的初步研究. 自然资源学报,1999,14(1):75~78.

[12] 陈飙, 杨桂华. 旅游者践踏对生态旅游景区土壤影响定 量研究――以香格里拉碧塔海生态旅游景区为例. 地理 科学,2004,24(3):371~375.

[13] Caroline K L,Catherine M. Impacts of tourism Oil threatened plant taxa and communities in Australia.Ecol Manage. Restor.,2003,4(1):37~45.

[14] 管东生,林卫强,陈玉娟. 旅游干扰对白云山土壤和植被 的影响. 环境科学,1999,20(6):6~9.

[15] Coledn T S J. Quantifying vegetation response to recreational disturbance in the north Cascades, Washington. Northw. Sci., 1992 , 66(4):229~236.

[16] 陈遐林,马钦彦,康峰峰. 山西太乐山典型灌木林生物量 及生产力研究. 林业科学研究,2002,15(3):304~309.

[17] 何东进,洪伟,胡海清等. 武夷山风景名胜区景观生态 特征. 东北林业大学学报,2003,31(5):24~26.

[18] 曾从盛,郑达贤等. 福建典型区生态环境研究. 北京:中 国环境科学出版社, 2005,76~85.

[19] 朱珠,包维楷,庞学勇等. 旅游干扰对九寨沟冷杉林下 植物种类组成及多样性的影响. 生物多样性,2006,14 (4):284~291.

[20] 马克平,黄建辉,于顺利等. 北京东灵山地区植物群落 多样性的研究Ⅱ:丰富度、均匀度和物种多样性指数. 生 态学报,1995,15(3):268~277.

[21] 贾乃光. 数理统计. 北京:中国林业出版社,1993.

[22] Kerbiriou C, Leviol I, Jiguet F, Julliard R. The impact of human frequentation on coastal vegetation in a biosphere reserve. Journal of Environmental Management,2008, 88 (4):715~728.