Original Articles

The Approaches to Enhance Carbon Sequestration of Terrestrial Ecosystem at Regional Scales, and Their Feasibility

  • 1. Synthesis Research Center of CERN, Key Laboratory of Ecosystem Network Observation and Modeling, Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Sciences Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China

Received date: 2011-01-01

  Revised date: 2011-04-01

  Online published: 2011-07-25


What are the optimizing artificial managements to enhance carbon (C) sequestration of terrestrial ecosystems at regional scales, and how to evaluate them, are of concern for ecologists, environmental experts, and government officials. In this study, we first discussed the approaches to enhance C sequestration by natural processes and human activity, respectively. Based on an expert assessment system, we then evaluated qualitatively the effect of C sequestration of various artificial managements, which had been utilizing widely in forest, grassland, farmland, and wetland ecosystems in China. We found that most of artificial managements have apparent capacity to enhance C sequestration of terrestrial ecosystems, and are feasible in view of technology and economy. Base on our qualitatively evaluation, we proposed 2 or 3 artificial managements for forest, grassland, farmland and wetland ecosystems, respectively, which have evident potential to enhance C sequestration and are easy to be extended. Furthermore, we found that some artificial managements mentioned above have not been adopted in 2006 IPCC guidelines for national greenhouse gas inventories. In order to put forward scientific foundation and finally promote these artificial managements accepted by IPCC, scientists therefore should select these excellent managements for terrestrial ecosystems in China to investigate systematically the processes of C cycle and C sequestration, and to develop new methods for the evaluation of C sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems.

Cite this article

HE Nianpeng, WANG Qiufeng, LIU Yinghui, RENWei, YU Guirui . The Approaches to Enhance Carbon Sequestration of Terrestrial Ecosystem at Regional Scales, and Their Feasibility[J]. PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY, 2011 , 30(7) : 788 -794 . DOI: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.07.002


[1] Schlesinger W. Biogeochemistry: An Analysis of Global Change (2nd edition). San Diego: Academic Press, 1997.

[2] IPCC. IPCC WGI fourth assessment report. Climate change 2007: the physical science basis. Switzerland: Geneva, 2007.

[3] IPCC. Good practice guidance for land use, land-use change and forestry. Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES), Kanagawa, Japan, 2003.

[4] IPCC. 2006 IPCC guidelines for national greenhouse gas inventories. Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES), Kanagawa, Japan, 2006.

[5] 王芳, 葛全胜, 陈泮勤. IPCC 评估报告气候变化观测数据的不确定性分析. 地理学报, 2009, 64(7): 828-838.

[6] 于贵瑞, 王秋凤, 朱先进. 区域尺度陆地生态系统碳收支评估方法及其不确定性. 地理科学进展, 2011, 30 (1): 103-113.

[7] Fang J Y, Chen A P, Peng C H, et al. Changes in forest biomass carbon storage in China between 1949 and 1998. Science, 2001, 292(5525): 2320-2322.

[8] 气候变化国家评估报告编写委员会. 气候变化国家评估报告. 北京: 科学出版社, 2007.

[9] Piao S L, Fan J Y, Ciais P, et al. The carbon balance of terrestrial ecosystems in China. Nature, 2009, 458(7241): 1009-1013.

[10] 高云, 罗勇, 张军岩. 从哥本哈根气候变化大会看气候变化谈判的焦点问题及IPCC 第五次评估报告的可能作用. 气候变化研究进展, 2010, 6(2): 83-88.

[11] 于贵瑞, 李海涛, 王绍强. 全球变化与陆地生态系统碳循环和碳蓄积. 北京: 气象出版社, 2003.

[12] 王礼茂. 几种主要碳增汇/减排途径的对比分析. 第四纪研究, 2004, 24(2): 191-197.

[13] 吴静, 王铮, 吴兵, 等. 中国增汇型气候保护政策实施对对经济的影响. 生态学报, 2007, 27(11): 4815-4823.

[14] 杨林章, 孙波. 中国农田生态系统养分循环与平衡及其管理. 北京: 科学出版社, 2008.

[15] 陈泮勤, 王效科, 王礼茂. 中国陆地生态系统碳收支与增汇对策. 北京: 科学出版社, 2008.

[16] 于贵瑞. 人类活动与生态系统变化的前沿科学问题. 北京: 高等教育出版社, 2009.

[17] 韩士杰, 董云社, 蔡祖聪, 等. 中国陆地生态系统碳循环的生物地球化学过程. 北京: 科学出版社, 2008.

[18] Falkowski P, Scholes R J, Boyle E, et al. The global carbon cycle: A test of our knowledge of earth as a system. Science, 2000, 290(5490): 291-296.

[19] 于贵瑞, 王秋凤, 刘迎春, 等. 区域尺度陆地生态系统固碳速率和增汇潜力概念框架及其定量认证科学基础. 地理科学进展, 2011, 30(7): 771-787.