Demands and Key Scientific Issues in the Synthesis Research on Regional Terrestrial Ecosystem Carbon Budget in China

  • 1. Synthesis Research Center of CERN, Key Laboratory of Ecosystem Network Observation and Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. College of Resources Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China

Received date: 2011-10-01

  Revised date: 2012-01-01

  Online published: 2012-01-25


Process mechanisms of carbon budget and carbon cycle in terrestrial ecosystems are the research hotspots in analyzing the causes of global climate change, forecasting the climate change trend, and making mitigation and adaptation countermeasures, which have attracted broad attention from the scientific community and international community. In this paper, we review the history of the research on the carbon budget and carbon cycle process in Chinese terrestrial ecosystems; summarize the main characteristics of each development stage. Based on the review, we discuss the demands for carrying out the systhesis research on regional terrestrial ecosystem carbon budget in China from the aspects of science and technology and society, bring forward the main existing problems, and explore the key scientific issues in related fields. The paper analyzes the importance for carrying out the synthesis research on regional terrestrial ecosystem carbon budget in China from various aspects such as socio-economic development, ecosystem management, and eco-security as well. Simultaneously, the paper points out that, in China, we are still lack of practical investigation data of carbon budget for various ecosystem types, lack of data integration at national scale, lack of modelling tools that can be used in carbon accounting and assessment, and no information system platform has been developed for national carbon source/ sink accounting, assessment, authorization and decision making. Through the above analysis, we think that, in order to enhance the innovation capacity in the area of ecosystem and global change in China, to provide fundamental theory and advanced technology for national ecosystem and greenhouse gases management, more emphasis should be placed on the following frontier fields, such as the coupling relationships among carbon-nitrogen- water cycles in terrestrial ecosystems and their response and adaptation to global climate change, ecological stoichiometry characteristics of carbon-nitrogen-phosphor and their environmental impact, and the biological regulation mechanisms of the processes of carbon-nitrogen-water coupling cycles as well.

Cite this article

WANG Qiufeng, LIU Yinghui, HE Nianpeng, FANG Huajun, FU Yuling, YU Guirui . Demands and Key Scientific Issues in the Synthesis Research on Regional Terrestrial Ecosystem Carbon Budget in China[J]. PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY, 2012 , (1) : 78 -87 . DOI: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2012.01.011


[1] 于贵瑞, 孙晓敏. 陆地生态系统通量观测的原理与方法. 北京: 高等教育出版社, 2006.
[2] 于贵瑞, 王秋凤, 朱先进. 区域尺度陆地生态系统碳收支评估方法及其不确定性. 地理科学进展, 2011, 30(1):103-113.
[3] 于贵瑞, 王秋凤, 刘迎春, 等. 区域尺度陆地生态系统固碳速率和增汇潜力概念框架及其定量认证科学基础.地理科学进展, 2011, 30(7): 771-787.
[4] Yu G R, Li X R, Wang Q F, et al. Carbon storage and itsspatial pattern of terrestrial ecosystem in China. Journalof Resources and Ecology, 2010, 1(2): 97-109.
[5] 曾宁. 气候变化: 中国的困境、机遇和对策. 气候变化研究进展, 2009, 5(3): 163-166.
[6] 潘家华,郑艳. 温室气体减排途径及其社会经济含义. 环境保护, 2008(2): 18-22.
[7] 于贵瑞, 牛栋, 王秋凤.《联合国气候变化框架公约》谈判中的焦点问题. 资源科学, 2001, 23(6): 10-16.
[8] 国家发展和改革委员会. 中国应对气候变化的政策与行动: 2009 年度报告. 北京: 国家发展和改革委员会,2009.
[9] 马爱民. 气候变化的影响与我国的对策措施. 中国科技投资, 2009(7): 20-23.
[10] 刘纪远, 庄大方, 张增祥, 等. 中国土地利用时空数据平台建设及其支持下的相关研究. 地球信息科学, 2002, 4(3): 3-7.
[11] 国家林业局. 全国森林资源统计1999-2003. 北京: 国家林业局, 2005.
[12] 中国科学院自然资源综合考察委员会. 中国草地资源数据. 北京: 中国农业科技出版社, 1994.
[13] 全国土壤普查办公室. 中国土壤普查数据. 北京: 中国农业出版社, 1997.
[14] 中国科学院中国植被图编辑委员会. 中华人民共和国植被图1:1000000. 北京: 地质出版社, 2007.
[15] 于贵瑞, 何洪林, 刘新安, 等. 中国陆地生态系统空间化信息研究图集: 气候要素分卷. 北京: 气象出版社, 2004.
[16] Fu B J, Li S G, Yu X B, et al. Chinese ecosystem researchnetwork: Progress and perspectives. Ecological Complexity,2010, 7(2): 225-233.
[17] 王兵, 崔向慧, 杨锋伟. 中国森林生态系统定位研究网络的建设与发展. 生态学杂志, 2004, 23(4): 84-91.
[18] 傅伯杰, 牛栋, 于贵瑞. 生态系统观测研究网络在地球系统科学中的作用. 地理科学进展, 2007, 26(1): 1-16.
[19] Tao B, Cao M K, Li K R, et al. Spatial patterns of terrestrialnet ecosystem productivity in China during1981-2000. Science in China: Series D, 2007, 50(5):745-753.
[20] Zhou T, Luo Y Q. Spatial patterns of ecosystem carbonresidence time and Npp-driven carbon uptake in the conterminousUnited States. Global Biogeochemical Cycles,2008, 22, GB3032, doi:10.1029/2007GB002939.
[21] Huang Y, Yu Y Q, Zhang W, et al. Agro-C: A biogeophysicalmodel for simulating the carbon budget of agroecosystems.Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2009, 149(1):106-129.
[22] Tao B, Li K R, Shao X M, et al. The temporal and spatialpatterns of terrestrial net primary productivity in China.Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2003, 13(2): 163-171.
[23] Gu F X, Cao M K, Wen X F, et al. A comparison betweensimulated and measured CO2 and water flux in a subtropicalconiferous forest. Science in China: Series D, 2006,49(52): 241-251.
[24] Ji J J. A climate-vegetation interaction model: Simulatingphysical and biological process at the surface. Journal ofBiogeography, 1995, 22(4): 445-451.
[25] 黄玫, 季劲钧, 曹明奎等. 中国区域植被地上与地下生物量模拟. 生态学报, 2006, 26(12): 4156-4163.
[26] 周广胜. 草地生态系统碳收支模型//黄耀, 周广胜, 吴金水, 等. 中国陆地生态系统碳收支模型. 北京: 科学出版社, 2006.
[27] 延晓冬, 赵俊芳. 基于个体的中国森林生态系统碳收支模型FORCCHN 及模型验证. 生态学报, 2007, 27(7):2684-2694.
[28] 张小全, 侯振宏. 森林、造林、再造林和毁林的定义与碳计量问题. 林业科学, 2003, 39(2): 145-152.
[29] 陈健, 朱德海, 徐泽鸿, 张志华. 全国森林碳汇监测和计量体系的初步研究. 生态经济, 2008(5): 128-132.
[30] Houghton R A. The annual net flux of carbon to the atmospherefrom changes in land use 1850-1990. Tellus B,1999, 51(2): 298-313.
[31] IPCC. 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National GreenhouseGas Inventories, Prepared by the National GreenhouseGas Inventories Programme//Eggleston H S, Buendia L,Miwa K, et al. Japan: IGES, 2006.
[32] 国家林业局应对气候变化和节能减排工作领导小组办公室. 中国绿色碳基金造林项目碳汇计量与监测指南.北京: 中国林业出版社, 2008: 1-67.
[33] 任伟, 王秋凤, 刘颖慧, 等. 区域尺度陆地生态系统固碳速率和潜力定量认证方法及其不确定性分析. 地理科学进展, 2011, 30(7): 795-804.
[34] 于贵瑞, 王秋凤, 于振良. 陆地生态系统水-碳耦合循环与过程管理研究. 地球科学进展, 2004, 19(5): 831-839.
[35] 丁仲礼, 傅伯杰, 韩兴国, 等. 中国科学院“应对气候变化国际谈判的关键科学问题”项目群简介. 中国科学院院刊, 2009, 24(1): 8-17.
[36] Elser J J, Sterner R W, Gorokhova E, et al. Biologicalstoichiometry from genes to ecosystems. Ecology Letters,2000, 3(6): 540-550.
[37] 王绍强, 于贵瑞. 生态系统碳氮磷元素的生态化学计量学特征. 生态学报, 2008, 28(8): 3937-3947.
[38] 贺金生, 韩兴国. 生态化学计量学:迫近从个体到生态系统的统一理论. 植物生态学报, 2010, 34(1): 2-6.
[39] Han W, Fang J Y, Guo D, et al. Leaf nitrogen and phosphorusstoichiometry across 753 terrestrial plant speciesin China. New Phytologist, 2005, 168(2): 377-385.
[40] He J S, Fang J Y, Wang Z H, et al. Stoichiometry andlarge-scale patterns of leaf carbon and nitrogen in thegrassland biomes of China. Oecologia, 2006, 149(1):115-122.
[41] He J S, Wang L, Flynn D F B, et al. Leaf nitrogen: phosphorusstoichiometry across Chinese grassland biomes.Oecologia, 2008, 155(2): 301-310.
[42] 任书杰, 于贵瑞, 陶波, 等. 中国东部南北样带654 种植物叶片氮和磷的化学计量学研究. 环境科学, 2007, 28(12): 2665-2667.
[43] Zheng S X, Shangguan Z P. Spatial patterns of leaf nutrienttraits of the plants in the Loess Plateau of China.Trees, 2007, 21(3): 357-370.
[44] Zhang L X, Bai Y F, Han X G. Differential responses ofN:P stoichiometry of Leymus chinensis and Carex korshinskyito N additions in a steppe ecosystem in NeiMongol. Acta Botanica Sinica, 2004, 46(3): 259-270.
[45] 高三平, 李俊祥, 徐明策, 等. 天童常绿阔叶林不同演替阶段常见种叶片N、P 化学计量学特征. 生态学报,2007, 27(3): 947-952.
[46] 于贵瑞, 方华军, 伏玉玲, 等. 区域尺度陆地生态系统收支及其循环过程研究进展. 生态学报, 2011, 31(19):5449-5459.