Original Articles

Study on the Relationship between Airport Operation and Regional Economic Growth

  • 1. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. Jiangsu Institure of Education, Nanjing 210013, China

Received date: 2010-03-01

  Revised date: 2010-05-01

  Online published: 2010-12-25


On the basis of constructing a theoretical framework on how the airport scale acts on its relation with different spaces of city, this paper takes Nanjing as a case for empirical study. The study shows that Nanjing Lukou international airport is still receiving radiation from Nanjing city, and the central urban area exerts strong effects compared to the municipal administrative areas, because the active business economics of hinterland provides sufficient passengers and cargo for the airport. Jiangning district mainly has relation with the airport in cargo transportation, and the increasing air cargo provides impetus to the district’s economic growth. The impact of economic growth on the air cargo is not obvious. Although the airport almost have no impact on the economic growth of Lukou. Lukou provides passengers to the airport. On the other hand, because the enterprises in the airport economic area have less needs for air cargo, the economic growth of Lukou district has no obvious impact on air cargo. It can be predicted that with the expansion of the airport, the airport will spur regional economic growth and will certainly have external economic effects on the Lukou district and Jiangning district.

Cite this article

ZHANG Lei, CHEN Wen, SONG Zhengna, XUE Junfei . Study on the Relationship between Airport Operation and Regional Economic Growth[J]. PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY, 2010 , 29(12) : 1570 -1576 . DOI: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2010.12.014


[1] 王晓川. 国际航空港近邻区域发展分析与借鉴. 城市规划汇刊, 2003(3): 65-68.

[2] Weishrod G E, Reed J S, Roanne M. euwirth.Airport area economic development model. The RC International Transportation Conference. England: Manchester, 1993: 2-3.

[3] Kasarda J D. From airport city to aerotropolis. Airport World, 2001, 6(4): 42-45.

[4] 曹允春, 踪家峰. 谈临空经济区的建立和发展. 中国民航学院学报, 1999, 17(3): 60-63.

[5] 金忠民. 空港城研究. 规划师, 2004(2): 79-81.

[6] 李健. 临空经济发展的若干问题探讨与对策建议. 科技进步与对策, 2005(9): 188-189.

[7] 李晓江. 航空港地区经济发展特征. 国外城市规划, 2001, 20(2): 35-37.

[8] Fleming K, Ghobrial A. An analysis of the determinants of regional air travel demand. Transportation Planning and Technology, 1994, 18: 37-44.

[9] Ashford N. Airport management in a changing economic climate. Transportation Planning and Technology, 1994, 18: 57-63.

[10] DRI·WEFA Inc. The National Economics Impact of Civil Aviation
[EB/OL]. 2002-7
[2010-3-14]. http://www.aiaaerospace.org/stats/resources/DRI-WEFAEconomicImpactstudy.pdf,2002.

[11] Keith G D. Air transportation and urban-economic restructuring: competitive advantage in the US Carolinas. Journal of Air Transport Management, 1999(5): 211-221.

[12] Goetz A R. Air passenger transportation and growth in the US urban system:1950-1987. Growth and Change, 1992, 23: 218-242.

[13] Huddleston J R, Pangotra P P. Regional and local economic impacts of transportation investments. Transportation Quarterly, 1990, 44(4): 579-594.

[14] Ishikura T, Tansei K, Sugimura Y. An air transport demand model for assessing interaction with industrial structure: A computable general equilibrium approach. Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, 2003, 5(10): 52-437.

[15] Brueckner J K. Airline Traffic and Urban Economic Development. Urban Studies, 2003, 40: 1455-1469.

[16] Kasarda J D, Green J D. Air cargo as an economic development engine:A note on opportunities and constraints. Journal of Air Transport Management, 2005, 11: 459-462.

[17] Chang Yu-Hern, Chang Yu-Wei. Air cargo expansion and economic growth: Finding the empirical link. Journal of Air Transport Management, 2009, 15(5): 264-265.

[18] Tsen W H. Granger causality tests among openness to international trade human capital accumulation and economic growth in China: 1952-1999. International Economic Journal, 2006, 20 (3): 285-302.

[19] 宋伟, 杨卡. 民用航空机场对城市和区域经济发展的影响. 地理科学, 2006, 26(6): 650-657.

[20] 叶舟, 李忠民, 李晓峰. 中国民航发展与国民经济增长关系的实证分析. 天津理工大学学报, 2005, 21(5): 81-84.

[21] 杨松, 王威. 航空业运输量增长与国内生产总值增长的关系研究. 中国民用航空, 2006(1): 47-50.

[22] Granger C W J. Investigating Causal Relations by Econometric Methods and Cross-Spectral Methods. Econometrica, 1969, 34: 424-438.

[23] Sims C M. Income and Causality. American Economic Review, 1972, 62: 540-552.

[24] Engle R F, Granger C W J. Co-integration and error correction: Representation, Estimation and Testin. Econometrica, 1987, 55: 251-276.