Original Articles

Conceptual Framework of Carbon Sequestration Rate and Potential Increment of Carbon Sink of Regional Terrestrial Ecosystem and Scientific Basis for Quantitative Carbon Authentification

  • 1. Synthesis Research Center of CERN, Key Laboratory of Ecosystem Network Observation and Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China

Received date: 2011-01-01

  Revised date: 2011-04-01

  Online published: 2011-07-25


It is not only an urgent need for mitigating global climate change to study the carbon sequestration rate, potential increment of carbon sink of regional terrestrial ecosystem and its quantitative authentification, but also the core task of carbon cycle research in earth system, and the scientific foundation of terrestrial ecosystem management. In the past two decades, vast research have been done at home and abroad, and a lot of feasible techniques for increasing carbon sink have been developed in the practice of carbon management. Meanwhile, many concepts of carbon sequestration rate and potential increment of carbon sink of terrestrial ecosystem, and methods for carbon accounting and authentification have been put forward based on different demands and subjects. Due to lacking systematic and sufficient discussion, large discrepancy exists in the understanding of related concepts among different sections and subjects, which leads to the concept confusion and the difficulty in the standardization of accounting methods. In this paper, related concepts such as carbon storage, carbon sequestration rate, and carbon sequestration potential of ecosystem were expounded systematically based on the basic concept of carbon sequestration of terrestrial ecosystem; practical potential of carbon sequestration, socioeconomic potential of carbon sequestration, technical potential of carbon sequestration, theoretical potential of carbon sequestration, and the potential of carbon sequestration ratified by Kyoto Protocol were analyzed based on the realizability of the techniques for increasing carbon sink; and the scientific foundation, limitation and uncertainty of different methods for authenticating, analyzing, and assessing carobn sink, such as time continuous inventory method, space for time reference method, and limited factor analysis method as well, were expatiated finally. The final goal of this paper is to arouse the attention of academe and related sections, to promote the standardization in quantitative authentification of carbon sink, and to provide foundation for establishing methodology and technique system for accounting, reporting, authentificating, and checking of carbon sink in China.

Cite this article

YU Guirui, WANG Qiufeng, LIU Yingchun, LIU Yinghui . Conceptual Framework of Carbon Sequestration Rate and Potential Increment of Carbon Sink of Regional Terrestrial Ecosystem and Scientific Basis for Quantitative Carbon Authentification[J]. PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY, 2011 , 30(7) : 771 -787 . DOI: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.07.001


[1] 于贵瑞. 全球变化与陆地生态系统碳循环和碳蓄积. 北京: 气象出版社, 2003.

[2] 于贵瑞, 孙晓敏. 陆地生态系统通量观测的原理与方法. 北京: 高等教育出版社, 2006.

[3] 于贵瑞, 王秋凤, 朱先进. 区域尺度陆地生态系统碳收支评估方法及其不确定性. 地理科学进展, 2011, 30(1): 103-113.

[4] Chapin F S, Matson P, Mooney H A. Principes of Terrestrial Ecosystem Ecology. New York: Springer-Verlag, 2002.

[5] Odum E P. The strategy of ecosystem development. Science, 1969, 164: 262-270.

[6] Hudiburg T, Law B, Turner D P, et al. Carbon dynamics of Oregon and Northern California forests and potential land-based carbon storage. Ecological Application, 2009, 19(1): 163-180.

[7] Keith H, Mackey B, Berry S, et al. Estimating carbon carrying capacity in natural forest ecosystems across heterogeneous landscapes: Addressing sources of error. Global Change Biology, 2010, 16(11): 2971-2989.

[8] Stewart C E, Paustian K, Conant R T, et al. Soil carbon saturation: Implications for measurable carbon pool dynamics in long-term incubations. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 2009, 41(2): 357-366.

[9] Muller-Landau H C. Carbon cycle: Sink in the African jungle. Nature, 2009, 457: 969-970.

[10] Smithwick E A H, Harmon M E, Remillard S M, et al. Potential upper bounds of carbon stores in forests of the Pacific Northwest. Ecological Application, 2002, 12(5): 1303-1317.

[11] IPCC. 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. Vol. 4 Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use the National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme, eds. Eggleston H S, Buendia L, Miwa K, et al. Institute for Global Environmental Strategies, Kanagawa, Japan, 2006.

[12] Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Global Forest Resources Assessment 2010, main report. Rome, 2010. www.fao.org/forestry/fra2010.

[13] IPCC. Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Core Writing Team, Pachauri R K and Reisinger A (eds.)]. IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland, 2007: 104.

[14] Eggers J, Lindner M, Zudin S, et al. Impact of changing wood demand, climate and land use on European forest resources and carbon stocks during the 21st century. Global Change Biology, 2008, 14: 2288-2303.

[15] 张小全, 侯振宏. 森林、造林、再造林和毁林的定义与碳计量问题. 林业科学, 2003, 39(2): 145-152.

[16] 张小全, 侯振宏. 第二承诺期LULUCF有关议题谈判进展与对策建议. 气候变化研究进展, 2009, 5(2): 95-102.

[17] Ellerman A. D, Buchner B K. The European Union Emissions Trading Scheme: Origins, Allocation, and Early Results. Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, 2001, 1(1): 66-87.

[18] 王金南. 环境经济学. 北京: 清华大学出版社, 1994: 510.