Original Articles

Progresses of Geographical Grid Systems Researches

  • State key Laboratory of Resources and Environment Information System, Institute of Geographical Sciences and |Natural Resources Researches of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101

Online published: 2009-09-25


The article was focused on the functions and roles of geographical grid within the context of pixel-based geometric measures and GPS-based precise positioning. The authors described the basic attributes of grid system, and defined a grid cell composition of area cell, cell boundaries and cell corners in the first section. The grid’s new functions and roles such as geographical data fusion and integrated analysis were also discussed. In second section, authors probed into the evolution of grid system from the earliest era of land management in the dynasty of Shang and Xia, world mapping such as Hipparchus in Greece and “Huayi Maps” in China, to modern times of remote sensing and global positioning systems. In the last section, authors explained the development of global discrete grid system and national grid system, and pointed out the establishment of grid system based on elliptical space would be a direction for the future research.

Cite this article

ZHOU Chenghu, OU Yang, MA Ting . Progresses of Geographical Grid Systems Researches[J]. PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY, 2009 , 28(5) : 657 -662 . DOI: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2009.05.002


[1]  陈述彭, 陈秋晓,周成虎. 格网地图与网格计算. 测绘科学, 2002, 27(1):1-6.

[2]  黄涛、何炼成, 井田制研究—对先秦土地制度变迁的经济学解释,河南师范大学学报(哲学社会科学版),2006,33(5):99-103

[3]  李德仁. 论广义空间信息网格与狭义空间信息网格. 遥感学报, 2005, 9(5): 513-520.

[4]  李德仁,彭明军,劭振峰. 教育空间数据库的城市网格化管理与服务系统设计和实现.武汉大学学报(信息科学版), 2006,31(6): 471-475.

[5]  王家耀, 祝玉华,吴明光. 论网格与网格地理信息系统. 测绘科学技术学报, 2006, 23(1): 1-7.

[6]  Dutton G. Polyhedral hierarchal tessellation: the shape of GIS to come. GeoInfo Systems, 1991, 1(3): 49-55.

[7]  Dutton G. Imrpoving locational specigity of map data –A multi-resolution, metadata-driven approach and notation. IJGIS, 1996, 10(2): 251-268.

[8]  Dutton G. Universal geospatial data exchange via global hierarchical coordinate. International Conference on Discrete Global Grids.Santa Barbara, California, USA, 2000.

[9]  Goodchild M F. Geographical Grid Models for Environmental Monitoring and Analysis across the Globe (panel session). GIS/LIS '94 Conference, Phoenix, A Z, 1994.

[10] Fekete G. 1990. Sphere quadtrees: A new data structure to support the visulization of spherically distributed data.Proceedings of SPIE, 1259: 242-253.

[11] Lee M, Samet H. Navagating through triangle meshes implemented as linear qudstrees, ACM Transaction on Graphs, 2000,19(2): 79-121.

[12] Kimerling A J, Sahr K, White D, Song L. Comparing Geometrical Properties of Global Grids. Cartography and Geographic Information Science. 1999, 26(4): 271-287.

[13] Tobler W R, Chen Z. 1986. A Quadtree for Global Information Storage. Geographical Analysis. 18(4):360-71.

[14] 杨世仁, Goodchild.空间数据的三角形四叉树结构及其基本操作. 环境遥感, 1995, 10(4):419-424.

[15] 陈军. Voronoi动态空间数据模型.测绘出版社, 2002.

[16] 赵学胜, 陈军.基于球面四元三角剖分的层次空间关系推理. 测绘学报, 2001,30(4):355-360.

[17] 赵学胜, 陈军, 王金庄. 基于O-QTM的球面Voronoi图生成算法. 测绘学报,2002, 31(2):157-163.

[18]袁文, 马蔼乃, 管晓静. 一种新的球面三角投影: 等角比例投影(EARP). 测绘学报, 2005,34(1):78-84.

[19]周成虎, 欧阳, 杨辽, 等. 矢量多边形栅格化的保积优化模型. 中国科学:D辑, 2006, 36 (增刊Ⅱ): 157-163.