PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (10): 1218-1228.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2017.10.004

• Special Issue: Health Geography and Human Settlement • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spatial differentiation and influencing factors of health level of the elderly population:A case study of Hubei Province

Rongjun AO1,2(), Haoci LI1,2, Zhen YANG1,2, Tao ZHANG1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory for Geographical Process Analysis & Simulation of Hubei Province, Wuhan 430079, China
    2. Institute of Sustainable Development, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China
  • Online:2017-10-28 Published:2017-10-28
  • Supported by:
    National Social Science Foundation of China, No.15BGL215;Project for Creative Research Groups of Natural Science Foundation of Hubei Province, No.2016CFA027;Think Tank Project of Humanities and Social Sciences of Central China Normal University, No.CCNU16ZK013


Based on data of self-assessed health of the elderly aged 60 years or older in 103 counties in Hubei Province from the population census of 2010 and population sampling survey of 2015, and using health rate of elderly (HRE) as indicator for the regional health level of the elderly (HLE), the spatiotemporal distributions and influencing factors of health level of the elderly population in Hubei Province are analyzed. The main results are as follows. The spatial differentiation of HLE is significant—high HRE regions are mainly distributed in urban districts of prefecture-level cities, followed by the central area of the province; and low HRE regions are mainly distributed at the peripheral areas. HLE distribution by county shows a significant positive spatial correlation. However, the degree of spatial agglomeration is falling as spatial difference of HRE increases. As a result, adjacent high HRE-high HRE counties mainly concentrated in Wuhan urban districts and neighboring areas, and adjacent low HRE-low HRE counties are mainly in the western, northeastern, and southeastern border areas of the province. Generally, the hotspot zones of HRE in Hubei Province remained in Wuhan urban districts and surrounding, and the opposite was found in the western, northeast, and southeast. After controlling for the historical factor, regional socioeconomic development level, natural environment factors, and socioeconomic status of elderly determine the regional health level of the elderly population in the province.

Key words: health level of the elderly, health rate of the elderly, spatial differentiation, influencing factors, Hubei Province