PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2015, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (2): 185-.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2015.02.007

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Rural development difference based on subjective and objective evaluation of life quality: a case of economically underdeveloped villages in Beijing mountainous area

Yongxia TIAN1,2(), Xiaona LIU1, Hong LI1(), Danfeng SUN2, Honghan TU1, Hua WEN1   

  1. 1. Institute of System Comprehensive Development, Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forest Science, Beijing 100097, China
    2. College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
  • Online:2015-03-23 Published:2015-03-23


The evaluation of regional development from the perspective of residents' life quality has been of high interest of the research community. Taking economically underdeveloped villages in the Beijing mountainous area as cases, this study calculated subjective and objective life quality indices for the villages on the basis of a farming household sampling survey. The life quality index for the evaluation of well-off community was chosen as the objective evaluation system, and the subjective system was constructed through factor analysis. Influencing factors of life quality were compared by applying the methods of cluster analysis and differential contribution rates. (1) Objective evaluation revealed that the villages differ significantly from each other. About 99% of the villages have a lower level of life quality as compared with the average of Beijing. Villages with high objective life quality index values are mainly distributed in the near suburbs on flat terrain; (2) Subjective evaluation indicated that the differences between adjacent villages are relatively small and the closer a village to the city, the lower is the subjective satisfaction; (3) Overall, subjective and objective life quality index values differ greatly in villages located in deep mountains and near suburbs. About 19% of the villages have relatively poor overall life quality. The main factors limiting residents' quality of life are culture and entertainment, information and education, ecological environmental protection, and so on, which are beyond the basic demand of subsistence. (4) The major driving forces of improving residents' life quality and promoting regional development are differentiated poverty alleviation, improvement of population quality, support for the development of industries that satisfies higher level of human needs, and development planning and dynamic monitoring of poverty areas. The subjective-objective evaluation of life quality can reflect the relationship between regional development and residents' life quality, therefore it can be used as an important auxiliary method in regional comprehensive development decision-making.

Key words: objective life quality evaluation, subjective life quality evaluation, economically underdeveloped village, factor analysis, cluster analysis, differential contribution method, Beijing mountainous area