PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 1998, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (1): 44-51.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.1998.01.007

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

A REVIEW ON ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND EXPERT SYSTEM IN GEO APPLICATION

Zhang Jianting, Qiu Youliang   

  1. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
  • Received:1997-10-01 Online:1998-01-24 Published:1998-01-24

Abstract: This article presents a review on the application of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Expert System(ES) in Geo sciences. Although there has been much progress in Geo sciences, they still lack the right capabilities to establish information systems to solve Geo problems, and it is urgent to study and apply AI and ES technology in Geo models and Geo systems to solve complex problems in the real world. This article examines many Geo ES systems established by Geo scientists and computer scientists in recent years, and discusses them in many detail aspects, such as in methodology, technology, Object Oriented features and integration problems. Finally, This paper suggests that it is urgent to study geo information mechanism to apply Geo expert system, Artificial Neuron Network and Fuzzy theory, because they may play a central role in next generation Geo expert systems based on case reasoning provided by GIS spatial database. With the quick development of spatial information technology, there will be a overall fusion of RDBMS,RS,GIS, GPS, AI, ES and DSS. Those technologies will be integrated into Intelligent Spatial Decision Support System(I-SDSS), and gain more power to solve PRED problems.

Key words: artificial intelligence, expert system, geo application, geographical information system

CLC Number: 

  • P209