PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2013, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (3): 465-474.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2013.03.016

Previous Articles     Next Articles

Correlation between regional agglomeration and performance of tourism industry——A case study of 31 provinces of China

WANG Kai1,2, YI Jing1   

  1. 1. College of Tourism, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2012-08-01 Revised:2012-11-01 Online:2013-03-25 Published:2013-03-25

Abstract: Based on the cross-section data in 2010, by using industrial agglomeration indexes such as Gini coefficient, E-G index and regional concentration ratio, and industrial performance measurement indexes such as profit margins, employment coefficient and labor productivity, this paper discusses the relationship between the spatial agglomeration and performance of tourism industry in China. The results indicate that agglomeration of China's tourism industry is overall fairly low, but the internal sectors of tourism industry are showing clear characteristics of regional agglomeration. There's a high consistency between the spatial differences in the degree of agglomeration of tourism industry and the differences in the level of regional socio-economic development in China. Generally speaking, the agglomeration of tourism industry has positive effects on the improvement of the performance of the industry. Especially, the spatial agglomeration has significantly positive impacts on the increase of profit margins and labor productivity, but very little impact on the increase of employment opportunities. On the basis of above findings, relevant countermeasures are put forward aiming at the improvement of the performance of agglomerated tourism industry in China.

Key words: canonical correlation analysis, China, degree of regional agglomeration, industrial performance, tourism industry