PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (9): 1204-1211.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2012.09.012

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Spatial Structure Evolution of Urban Land Use in Shenyang during 1910-2010

SUN Yan1,2, LIU Zhiqiang3, WANG Qiubing1, LIU Hongbin1   

  1. 1. Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang 110866, China;
    2. Shenyang Plan & Land Resources Bureau, Shenyang 110003, China;
    3. Shenyang Surveying and Mapping Research Institute, Shenyang 110015, China
  • Received:2012-03-01 Revised:2012-06-01 Online:2012-09-25 Published:2012-09-25

Abstract: In research of spatial structure evolution of land use of Shenyang in recent century, this paper used the multi-temporal and multi-source historical data, with the special historical period divided into 5 stages of research from 1910 to 2010. With the support of the single land use type dynamic degree, land use type transfer matrix and the method of spatial, we analyzed various city land use type, structure, mutual transfer and distribution characteristics of Shenyang in the past century. The results showed that: living land increased by 118.81 km2, industrial and commercial land increased by 148.21 km2, transportation land increased by 130.97 km2, presenting an increasing trend, while utilities land, green spaces and other land use generally went up slowly. In different periods land use structure was obviously different, and residential land had been dominant, accounting for an average of 32.36%, which declined in proportion after the founding of New China, but the industrial and commercial land use increased by 25.17% on average. In addition, conversion of each land use type was divided into three parts: transfer, transferred and constant, among which, non-construction land shifted to various land types accounted for the largest proportion, and constant part of the same land use has the greatest proportion, while the quantity transferred to the residential land and transportation land was the greatest. With the time went, the ratio of residential land was gradually reduced in the central area of the city, and in the sub-center the ratio increased first and then decreased. The proportion of industrial and commercial land increased gradually from central to marginal area, and the proportion was the highest in the marginal area. Public utilities land was outwardly gradually decayed, and in the center of the city public utilities accounted for a larger proportion. It is concluded that land use spatial structure in Shenyang presented a circular pattern from the inside to the outside.

Key words: land use, land-use change, Shenyang, spatial structure evolution, urban land