PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2023, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (11): 2213-2230.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2023.11.011

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Progress and prospects of the research on the impact of Arctic climate and environmental changes on the tertiary sector

CHEN Liyuan1,2(), ZHU Wenquan1,2,*(), XIAO Cunde3, WANG Shijin4, WU Tonghua4, ZHAO Cenliang1,2, GUO Hongxiang1,2   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    2. Institute of Remote Sensing Science and Engineering, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    3. State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    4. State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Science, Northwest Institute of Eco-environment and Resources, CAS, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Received:2023-03-27 Revised:2023-07-20 Online:2023-11-28 Published:2023-11-24
  • Contact: ZHU Wenquan;
  • Supported by:
    National Key Research and Development Program of China(2020YFA0608504)


The escalating climate and environmental changes in the Arctic have a series of impacts on the local society and economy. Understanding these impacts from the perspective of the tertiary sector can provide references for the sustainable development of the Arctic and globally, as well as for the participation of non-Arctic countries in Arctic affairs. This study systematically reviewed the literature to identify the pathways and effects of Arctic changes on typical industries within the tertiary sector. The results show that various Arctic changes, such as rising temperatures, increasing precipitation, ice melting, and permafrost degradation, have widely influenced the tertiary sector through multiple pathways, presenting both benefits and challenges for most elements of the industries. These impacts offer several insights for relevant studies and for China. Further research is needed to: 1) address the knowledge gaps regarding the pathways of impacts and comprehensively integrate the beneficial and harmful effects of Arctic changes; 2) explore the indirect and cascading impacts of Arctic changes; and 3) integrate multi-source data for research. China can take advantage of the opportunities presented by the changes in the Arctic tertiary sector by: 1) increasing its participation in Arctic rule-making; 2) improving transportation infrastructure and security of the "Polar Silk Road"; and 3) diversifying Arctic tourism products and creating conditions for trade growth.

Key words: Arctic, climate change, environmental change, tertiary sector, China