PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2023, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (8): 1651-1666.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2023.08.016

• Visitors, New Farmer, Farmers and Herders and Rural Culture and Tourism • Previous Articles    

Effects of rural tourism demonstration county establishment on the adaptability of farmers and herders to tourism

LIU Limei(), LV Jun(), JIAO Lingyun, HE Shaocong, LI Yingjie   

  1. School of Tourism, Inner Mongolia University of Finance and Economics, Hohhot 010070, China
  • Received:2023-03-29 Revised:2023-06-12 Online:2023-08-28 Published:2023-08-25
  • Contact: LV Jun E-mail:liulimei2000@sina.com;lvjun2006@sina.com
  • Supported by:
    National Social Science Foundation of China(19XMZ074)

Abstract:

The main purpose of establishing a rural tourism demonstration county is to promote the development of rural economy and increase farmers' employment and income. In recent years, with the continuous expansion of rural tourism development scale, the sustainable development of regional social-ecological systems is threatened. Adaptation is one of the key components of a social-ecological system, which enables the system to respond to environmental changes and threats in advance, and make timely response to changes and threats. In this study, we took Wuyuan County and Ejin Horo Banner as the case study sites. First, based on the social-ecological system theory, an evaluation system of the effect of rural tourism demonstration counties was established, farmers and pastoralists in rural tourism areas were included in the evaluation as the main stakeholders of policy interests, and the external policy interference caused by the establishment of rural tourism demonstration counties was taken as the adaptive object. The fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method was used to comprehensively evaluate the effect on the adaptability of participation in tourism of farmers and pastoralists in rural tourism areas. Second, the case study sites were divided into two types: scenic spot-dependent type and ecological leisure agriculture type, and the farmers and pastoralists were divided into three types: tourism specialized type, tourism participating type, and pure farmers and pastoralists. The effects on the adaptability of participation in tourism of two types of rural tourist sites and three types of farmers and pastoralists were compared and evaluated. The results show that: 1) The overall effect of the establishment of rural tourism demonstration counties on the adaptability of farmer participation in tourism has reached a fair level. 2) The evaluation results of tourism adaptability of farmers and pastoralists dependent on scenic spots and ecological leisure agriculture are as follows: scenic spot-dependent > ecological leisure agriculture. 3) The evaluation results of the adaptability of tourism specialized, tourism participating, and pure farming and pastoral households' participation in tourism are as follows: tourism specialized > tourism participating > purely agricultural and pastoral households.

Key words: tourism adaptability, impact assessment, farming and pastoral households, rural tourism demonstration county