PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2023, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (8): 1556-1572.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2023.08.009

• Rural Tourism, Rural Recreational Agriculture, and Forest-based Health andWellness Tourism • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Change of rural recreational agriculture landscape pattern and driving factors under the development of tourism:A case study of Wuyuan, Jiangxi

WANG Liguo1,2,3(), JIA Guodong1,2,3, QIN Qianxiang4, HUANG Zhiping1,2,3, HU Mingwen1,2,3   

  1. 1. School of Land Resources and Environment, Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang 330045, China
    2. Nanchang Rural Tourism Development Research Center, Nanchang 330045, China
    3. Research Centre of Rural Tourism Development, Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang 330045, China
    4. Ecological Environment Geological Service Center of Henan Geological Bureau, Zhengzhou 450000, China
  • Received:2023-02-27 Revised:2023-05-20 Online:2023-08-28 Published:2023-08-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(42261038);Humanities and Social Science Project of the Ministry of Education(21YJAZH085)

Abstract:

Tourism activities are an important disturbance factor for landscape change in rural tourist sites, and it is important to study the pattern of change of recreational agriculture landscape under tourism disturbance for the high-quality development of rural tourism. Recreational agriculture landscape is one of the core elements of rural tourism in Wuyuan County. From the perspective of tourism driven, this study used landscape transfer matrix and landscape index methods to examine the pattern of change of recreational agriculture landscape in Wuyuan County between 2000 and 2020, and analyzed the driving forces such as natural, socioeconomic, and tourism factors through the grey relational model. The study found that: 1) The recreational agriculture landscape in Wuyuan County is highly compatible with the distribution of tourism sites, and the recreational agriculture landscape area showed the characteristics of first increasing and then decreasing, but in general has decreased. 2) At the landscape scale, landscape fragmentation and separation showed an N-shaped fluctuation, and landscape dominance and disturbance showed an increase followed by a decrease. With regard to the land-use types, the fragmentation and separation of paddy landscapes are relatively stable, while the fragmentation and separation of grassland and marshlands showed an increase and then a decrease and the rest of the recreational agriculture landscapes generally showed an increase. The LPI indices of drylands, wooded lands, and other woodlands showed an increase and then a decrease, while the LPI indices of rivers and canals, lakes, and reservoirs and ponds generally showed an increase, and the rest of the recreational agriculture landscapes generally showed a decrease. 3) Tourism factors such as comprehensive tourism income, tourist reception, ticket income, the number of A-class scenic spots, the number of farming caravans, and the number of travel agencies are the main driving factors for the change of each landscape pattern, while socioeconomic factors have an important driving influence on landscape dominance and disturbance, and natural factors are a weaker driving force. The research results provide some theoretical reference and practical basis for the optimal layout and high-quality development of recreational agriculture and rural tourism in Wuyuan County, which will help promote the sustainable development of recreational agriculture and rural tourism in Wuyuan County and achieve the coordinated development of economic, social, and environmental benefits.

Key words: recreational agriculture landscape, land transfer matrix, rural tourism, drivers, Wuyuan County