PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (10): 1969-1978.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2022.10.015

• Reviews • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Overview of connotation, evaluation system, and protection practice of ecological shelters

DAI Yunchuan1(), LI Diqiang2,*()   

  1. 1. Institute for Ecology and Environmental Resources, Research Center for Ecological Security and Green Development, Chongqing Academy of Social Sciences, Chongqing 400020, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Biodiversity Conservation, State Forestry and Grassland Administration, Ecology and Nature Conservation Institute, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China
  • Received:2022-03-29 Revised:2022-05-31 Online:2022-10-28 Published:2022-12-28
  • Contact: LI Diqiang;
  • Supported by:
    National Key Research and Development Program of China(2019YFA0607103)


At present, the academic community has not yet to reach a consensus on the definition of the ecological shelters (ES) concept. Due to the lack of theoretical guidance, the scientific application and mechanisms of ES construction is lacking. Therefore, this study systematically clarified the meaning, identification system, and construction practice of ES, summarized the history and challenges of ES construction, and postulated countermeasures and suggestions for improvement. We demonstrated that ES has the dual connotation of region and function, which is manifested as specific spatial location, ecosystem structure, ecological process, and protection object. It is a compound system of ecology, economy, and society and possesses the basic characteristics of attributes related to public goods. In the construction of ES, it is necessary to scientifically identify the ES and its scope according to its geographical location, dominant function, ecological stress, and varying scales. Moreover, the natural attributes and ecosystem function should be respected and cross-regional cooperation should be encouraged. Finally, a systematic management system for ES construction should be established to coordinate its construction with economic and social development.

Key words: ecological shelter, ecological security, identification system, coordinated development