PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (5): 721-735.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2021.05.001

• Articles •     Next Articles

Change of spatial structure of manufacturing industry in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region and its driving factors

JIANG Haibing1(), LI Yejin2,*()   

  1. 1. School of Urban and Planning, Yancheng Teachers University, Yancheng 224002, Jiangsu, China
    2. College of Resource Environment and Tourism, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China
  • Received:2020-06-19 Revised:2020-12-14 Online:2021-05-28 Published:2021-07-28
  • Contact: LI Yejin;
  • Supported by:
    Social Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province, No. 18GLB014(18GLB014);"Qinglan Project" of Jiangsu Universities;"High-end Talents Support Plan" Project of Yancheng Teachers University;National Natural Science Foundation of China(41001105)


The development strategy of industrial transfer and upgrading, coordinated development, and in-depth integration of advanced manufacturing in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region put forward higher requirements for the spatial layout of manufacturing industrial clusters. Research on the change of manufacturing industry spatial pattern can provide a reference for the optimization of urban agglomerations' advanced manufacturing industries. Based on the micro-level data of industrial enterprises above designated size in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region from 2000 to 2013, this study used kernal density analysis and panel data regression models to explore the characteristics and driving factors of the change of the manufacturing industry spatial pattern in the region. The results of this empirical research show that: 1) The overall spatial pattern of all manufacturing industries in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region is relatively stable, and high-value areas are concentrated in the Beijing-Tianjin-Tangshan area. The regional linked development of capital-intensive industries is gaining momentum; technology-intensive industries are increasingly concentrated in a few districts and counties, and the degree of spatial autocorrelation with surrounding districts and counties has weakened as a whole; spatial expansion into nearby districts and counties and spatial transfer of labor-intensive industries appeared alternately; and the regional linked development promotes the balanced growth of manufacturing industries in various regions and narrows the development gap. 2) The manufacturing industry in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region shows a clear trend of specialization and regional division of labor, and labor-intensive industries are increasingly spreading to the periphery of the central cities and the counties in the central and southern areas of the region. Capital-intensive industries are concentrated in the industrial belt on the west coast of the Bohai Sea, the industrial output value of the peripheral areas of the region has increased significantly, and technology-intensive industries are gathered in the Beijing-Tianjin high-tech industrial belt. 3) The key driving factors of the three types of manufacturing industries are different. Labor-intensive industries are affected by investment and transportation accessibility. Capital-intensive industries are highly dependent on local market size and investment, and are insensitive to transportation accessibility. Technology-intensive industries are mainly constrained by transportation accessibility and wage levels. The three types of manufacturing industries are obviously affected by local fiscal expenditures.

Key words: manufacturing industry, kernal density analysis, panel data regression model, driving factors, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region