PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (5): 625-636.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2019.05.001

• Reviews •     Next Articles

A review of coastal flood risk research under global climate change

Jiayi FANG1,2,3(), Peijun SHI2,3,4,5,*()   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Science, Ministry of Education, School of Geographic Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
    2. Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    3. Academy of Disaster Reduction and Emergency Management, Ministry of Emergency Management & Ministry of Education, Beijing 100875, China;
    4. State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    5. School of Geographical Science, Qinghai Normal University, Xining 810016, China
  • Received:2018-08-03 Revised:2019-01-15 Online:2019-05-28 Published:2019-05-28
  • Contact: Peijun SHI;
  • Supported by:
    National Key Research and Development Program of China, No. 2016YFA0602404 and 2017YFE0100700; Shanghai Sailing Program, No. 19YF1413700; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation, No. 2019M651429


The sea level rise under global climate change and coastal floods caused by extreme sea levels due to the high tide levels and storm surges have huge impacts on coastal society, economy, and natural environment. It has drawn great attention from global scientific researchers. This study examines the definitions and elements of coastal flooding in the general and narrow senses, and mainly focuses on the components of coastal flooding in the narrow sense. Based on the natural disaster system theory, the review systematically summarizes the progress of coastal flood research in China, then discusses existing problems in present studies and future research directions with regard to this issue. It is proposed that future studies need to strengthen research on adapting to climate change in coastal areas, including studies on the risk of multi-hazards and uncertainties of hazard impacts under climate change, risk assessment of key exposure (critical infrastructure) in coastal hotspots, and cost-benefit analysis of adaptation and mitigation measures in coastal areas. Efforts to improve the resilience of coastal areas under climate change should be given more attention. The research community also should establish the mechanism of data sharing among disciplines to meet the needs of future risk assessments, so that coastal issues can be more comprehensively, systematically, and dynamically studied.

Key words: coastal flood, global climate change, storm surge, risk assessment, impact