PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2016, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (5): 610-621.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2016.05.008

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Spatial pattern and morphological characteristics of industrial production space and influential factors in the Pearl River Delta urban agglomeration

Jun DING1,2,3(), Kaiyong WANG1,2,*   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Accepted:2015-11-01 Online:2016-05-27 Published:2016-05-27
  • Contact: Kaiyong WANG;
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41371178


GIS spatial analysis technology provides new path and research perspectives for accurately classifying spatial morphology. Extracting the industrial production space information of the Pearl River Delta region in 2013 through high resolution Google Earth image and summarizing the overall distribution pattern of the industrial production space, this study quantitatively analyzed the morphological characteristics of the industrial production space by introducing the fractal model, compact ratio, discrete degree, and density index, then analyzed the main influencing factors of industrial production space distribution by GIS spatial analysis and statistical analysis tools. The results show that: (1) The total area of industrial production space in the Pearl River Delta region in 2013 was 2604.71 km2. Its spatial distribution presents a typical core-peripheral structure. The industrial production spaces mainly distributed in the flat plain area and formed three spatial distribution models, that is, interlaced, scattered, and concentrated. (2) The industrial production space in the Pearl River Delta urban agglomeration showed clear fractal characteristics, and the fractal dimensions in the core area were smaller than that in the periphery area, but the stability of spatial structure in the core area was higher than that in the periphery area. Among the cities of the Pearl River Delta region, Zhuhai had the highest compact ratio of industrial production space, but Guangzhou had the lowest value; Huizhou had the highest discrete degree of industrial production space, whereas Zhongshan had the lowest value. The scale of each city’s industrial production space significant differed, and was positively correlated with economic scale, population, and the number of enterprises. The density index values of Dongguang, Shenzhen, Zhongshan, and Foshan were too high and these cities should promote efficient and intensive use of industrial production spaces. (3) On the basis of a comprehensive analysis, the article concludes that natural environment and traffic conditions, urbanization and economic development zone, policy guidance and regulation, and economic globalization were the main influencing factors of the distribution of industrial production space in the Pearl River Delta urban agglomeration.

Key words: industrial production space, spatial morphology, spatial pattern, morphological characteristics, Pearl River Delta urban agglomeration