PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2012, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (8): 1063-1070.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2012.08.010

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Geographical Agglomeration and Specialized Pattern of Planting in China Based on the Different Classifications

LI Erling1,2, ZHU Jiguang1, LI Xiaojian1,2   

  1. 1. Research Center of Yellow River Civilization and Sustainable Development, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, China;
    2. College of Environment and Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, China
  • Received:2011-11-01 Revised:2012-03-01 Online:2012-08-25 Published:2012-08-25

Abstract: There has been less current literature on the pattern of Chinese agricultural geographic concentration and specialization. This paper discusses the geographic concentration pattern of China's planting in 2008. Through calculating the average Gini coefficient (0.46,0.66 and 0.68, respectively), the average Moran’s I index (0.11,0.18 and 0.20, respectively ) and the Location quotient (LQ ) in the three scale classifications at the provincial level, it is found that the planting in China presents certain geographic concentration and exposes different agglomeration degree at different levels of industrial classification. And the finer division of planting industry, the more obvious the trend of spatial concentration and specialization of production. At the macro-planting level, the distribution of crop production is relatively dispersed, while at the micro-planting level, the distribution of crop production shows the trend of more agglomeration and specialization. The regional specialized production pattern in Chinese planting has emerged. The regional specialized degree of the staple crops is low, and that of the commercial crops is relatively high. Although the specific pattern of spatial concentration is determined by the matching between the natural conditions and production conditions of various crops, the government decision-making, institutional changes and other social factors plays an important role in regional specialized production functioning as the optimization and adjustment to the natural gathering. So, by calculating the spatial autocorrelation and the Gini coefficient, specialized index in various types of crops grown in contiguous spatial patterns, the potential location of the agricultural regional specialization and large-scale production can be identified, which can help the government make specific agricultural policies in different regions.

Key words: China, different scales of planting, geographical agglomeration of planting, specialization of regional production