PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2011, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (6): 746-752.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.06.013

• Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Construction of Recreation Opportunity Spectrum in Suburban Mountain Region of Beijing

XIAO Suili, JIA Liming, WANG Ping, LI Jiangjing   

  1. Key Laboratory for Silviculture and Conservation of Ministry of Education, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2010-08-01 Revised:2011-02-01 Online:2011-06-25 Published:2011-06-25

Abstract: Since the 1950s, the number of people visiting forests has been increased. The Recreation Opportunity Spectrum (ROS) was developed by the managers and scientists of USDA FS to protect natural resources and provide quality recreation experiences. The fundamental premise of ROS is to satisfy different demands by providing diversity of opportunities. Such opportunities are described by the setting which is composed of physical, social, and management attributes, each varying along a continuum. As a concept and a framework, it is used for resource planning and management by classifying the settings and making resource inventory. This paper intruduced the ROS theory and constructed the ROS in the suburban mountain region of Beijing on the basis of integrating the forest recreation demand characteristics and the present management system and the development status of Beijing. Using indicators of"naturalness","access","encounter"and"management", the forest recreation areas of Beijing are classified into five distinct settings: suburban developed, suburban natural, rural developed, rural natural and semi-primitive. Considering the current uses and management of the recreation resources in Beijing, the distribution of these recreation opportunities is displayed in map by GIS. The demand and supply of recreation opportunities are compared and recommendations to help plan and manage the suburban mountain forests of Beijing are provided.

Key words: forest tourism, recreation carrying capacity, recreation opportunity spectrum, suburban mountain region of Beijing, tourism resource classification