地理科学进展 ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (1): 118-130.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2022.01.011

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

消费升级视角下城市生活服务空间的演变及影响因素研究——以武汉菜市场为例

甘依霖1,2(), 朱媛媛1,2,*(), 罗静1,2, 高喆1,2   

  1. 1. 华中师范大学地理过程分析与模拟湖北省重点实验室,武汉 430079
    2. 湖北省发展和改革委员会/华中师范大学武汉城市圈研究院,武汉 430079
  • 收稿日期:2021-03-01 修回日期:2021-05-24 出版日期:2022-01-28 发布日期:2022-03-28
  • 通讯作者: *朱媛媛(1985— ),女,河南兰考人,博士,副教授,硕士生导师,研究方向为区域发展与城乡规划、文化地理学。E-mail: zhuyy990@126.com
  • 作者简介:甘依霖(1996— ),女,四川成都人,博士生,研究方向为区域发展与城乡规划、文化地理学。E-mail: ganyilin@mails.ccnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(42071170);国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFD1100804)

Spatiotemporal variation and influencing factors of urban consumer service space in the consumption upgrading era: A case study of Wuhan food markets

GAN Yilin1,2(), ZHU Yuanyuan1,2,*(), LUO Jing1,2, GAO Zhe1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory for Geographical Process Analysis & Simulation of Hubei Province, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China
    2. Academy of Wuhan Metropolitan Area, Hubei Development and Reform Commission & Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China
  • Received:2021-03-01 Revised:2021-05-24 Online:2022-01-28 Published:2022-03-28
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(42071170);National Key Research and Development Program(2018YFD1100804)

摘要:

消费升级时代孕育了生活性服务新业态,改变了生活服务业的城市空间格局。论文以菜市场作为生活服务空间的代表,选取武汉市这一中国城市消费升级样本及城市疫后复苏“风向标”作为典型案例区,结合GIS空间计量和STATA统计分析,探讨菜市场综合体系的形成过程、类型差异和影响因素。研究发现:① 武汉市菜市场经历了传统农贸市场主导—零售新业态扩张—社区尺度回落的历程,形成以大卖场生鲜部、农贸市场、生鲜超市及社区菜场为主的复合型生活服务空间,并在疫后展现出一定韧性;② 武汉市菜市场整体上由双核心向多核心转变,由城市中心向外围延伸,且呈现出农贸市场“团簇状”、生鲜超市“条型”、大卖场“点状”、社区菜场“蝶形”的分类型差异化格局;③ 全业态菜市场布局受社会、经济、区位和发展基础影响显著,传统业态受市场和区位要素影响显著,零售新业态受经济要素和前期菜市场集聚程度的影响显著,且消费升级态势下新建菜市场选址更加偏好购物中心代表的体验式消费场所。研究结果对于丰富现代菜市场体系的类型研究,拓展城市生活服务空间研究的学科视域具有一定理论意义,同时对于优化城市生活服务空间结构以满足居民日益增长的美好生活需要和服务品质追求具有一定现实价值。

关键词: 生活服务空间, 菜市场, 消费升级, 美好生活需求, 武汉市

Abstract:

Consumption upgrading breeds new business forms of consumer services, which changes the urban spatial pattern of consumer service industry. This study took the food markets as a representative of consumer service space, selected Wuhan City that experiences urban consumption upgrading and post-epidemic recovery as a case area, and integrated GIS spatial analysis and STATA statistical analysis techniques to analyze the formation process, types of markets, and influencing factors of the food market system. The results show that: 1) The food markets in Wuhan City had experienced a development process from the traditional farmers' market to the expansion of new retail formats and then down to the community scale. They had formed a new compound consumer service space with the fresh food products department of hypermarket, farmers' market, fresh food products supermarket, and community vegetable shop, and this system showed a certain resilience after the epidemic. 2) The spatial structure of the food markets changed from dual-cores to multi-cores, and the spatial distribution extended from the city center to the periphery. The spatial layout of different types of food markets presented the differentiated distribution pattern of cluster-shaped (farmers' market), strip-shaped (fresh food products supermarket), punctiform-shaped (hypermarket), and butterfly-shaped (community vegetable shop). 3) The spatial configuration of all forms of food markets was significantly influenced by social, economic, and locational factors and development foundation, traditional food market layout was significantly affected by market and locational factors, and new retail format food market layout was significantly affected by economic factors and early food market agglomeration basis. Under the situation of consumption upgrading, the site selection of new food markets prefers experiential consumption places represented by shopping malls. This study has a certain theoretical significance for enriching the research of modern food market system, expanding the disciplinary perspectives of urban consumer service space research, and has a certain practical value for optimizing the spatial structure of urban consumer service to meet residents' increasing needs for a better life and the pursuit of service quality.

Key words: consumer service space, food market, consumption upgrading, needs for a better life, Wuhan City