地理科学进展 ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (1): 53-63.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2022.01.005

• “行为地理学理论与方法”专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

转向企划—活动系统研究的时间地理学

张艳1,2(), 柴彦威3,*()   

  1. 1. 北京联合大学北京学研究所,北京 100191
    2. 北京联合大学北京学研究基地,北京 100191
    3. 北京大学城市与环境学院,北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2021-09-16 修回日期:2021-11-26 出版日期:2022-01-28 发布日期:2022-03-28
  • 通讯作者: *柴彦威(1964— ),男,甘肃会宁人,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向为时间地理学、社会地理学、城市与区域规划。E-mail: chyw@pku.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:张艳(1984— ),女,新疆库尔勒人,博士,副教授,硕士生导师,主要研究方向为城市社会与行为地理学。E-mail: yanzhang@buu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41771185);国家自然科学基金项目(42071203);北京联合大学教育教学研究与改革项目(JY2019Z001)

Development of time geography based on the project-activity system

ZHANG Yan1,2(), CHAI Yanwei3,*()   

  1. 1. The Institute of Beijing Studies, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100191, China
    2. The Research Base for Beijing Studies, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100191, China
    3. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2021-09-16 Revised:2021-11-26 Online:2022-01-28 Published:2022-03-28
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41771185);National Natural Science Foundation of China(42071203);Educational Research and Reform Project of Beijing Union University(JY2019Z001)

摘要:

全生态综合世界观和人地互动过程与复杂性的系统研究是时间地理学理论体系构建的核心,也是行为地理学关于空间—行为互动理论构建的关键问题。企划和活动的地方秩序嵌套是新时间地理学的最新发展。论文围绕企划—活动系统及其变化、企划交织下的活动系统与社会互动、企划实现过程中活动的地方秩序构建等3个方面对时间地理学理论发展和研究前沿进行综述,系统梳理时间地理学在交通出行、城市与区域规划、地理学、康复医疗与健康、资源能源利用等领域的跨学科应用。未来呼吁更多学者关注时间地理学,积极开展跨学科应用和时间地理学创新应用的国际比较研究,将时间地理学的最新研究进展与中国城市发展的现实问题相结合,创新并发展中国城市研究的行为范式,丰富和完善中国城市的空间—行为互动理论,为中国城市的高质量发展做出贡献。

关键词: 时间地理学, 企划—活动系统, 活动的地方秩序嵌套, 新时间地理学, 空间—行为互动

Abstract:

All-ecological worldveiw as well as the focus on the process and the complexity of human-environment interaction are the theoretical core of time geography, which are also the key questions of the theoretical construction of space-behavioral interactions within behavioral geography, while the concepts of project and pockets of local orders are the latest development in new time geography. This article reviewed the theoretical development and the frontier of time geography in recent years from three aspects, including the project-activity system and its changes, social interaction under the interwoven organizational project and individual project, and the process of project realization by the construction of pockets of local orders. The development of new time geography further improves the interpretation of the human activity system and deepens the understanding of the complex mechanism of human and environmental interactions. This article systematically examined the interdisciplinary and innovative application of time geography in transportation, urban and regional planning, geography, occupational therapy and health, and resources and energy use. It calls for more attention from researchers to time geography in future research by using it and carrying out interdisciplinary application, carrying out international comparative study on time geography, further developing the behavior paradigm of Chinese urban research, enriching Chinese urban space-behavior interaction theory, and contributing to the high-quality social and economic development of Chinese cities.

Key words: time geography, project-activity system, pockets of local orders, new time geography, space-behavior interaction