地理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (12): 1972-1984.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2020.12.002

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

功能疏解背景下京津冀中部核心区产业投资网络演化研究

刘骁啸1, 吴康1,2,*()   

  1. 1.首都经济贸易大学城市经济与公共管理学院,北京 100070
    2.城市群系统演化与可持续发展的决策模拟研究北京市重点实验室,北京 100070
  • 收稿日期:2020-02-04 修回日期:2020-05-10 出版日期:2020-12-28 发布日期:2021-02-28
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41671161);国家自然科学基金项目(41401178);国家自然科学基金项目(71733001);教育部人文社会科学规划基金项目(19YJA790092);霍英东高等院校青年教师基金(171077);首都经济贸易大学青年创新团队专项(QNTD202009)

Change of industrial investment networks in the central core area of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region under the background of non-capital function dispersal

LIU Xiaoxiao1, WU Kang1,2,*()   

  1. 1. School of Urban Economics and Public Affairs, Capital University of Economics and Business, Beijing 100070, China
    2. Beijing Key Laboratory of Megaregions Sustainable Development Modelling, Beijing 100070, China
  • Received:2020-02-04 Revised:2020-05-10 Online:2020-12-28 Published:2021-02-28
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41671161);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41401178);National Natural Science Foundation of China(71733001);The MoE Project for Humanities and Social Sciences(19YJA790092);The Fok Ying Tung Education Foundation(171077);The Fundamental Research Funds for the CUEB(QNTD202009)

摘要:

非首都功能疏解作为京津冀协同发展战略的核心,对解决北京大城市病、实现京津冀可持续发展具有重要意义。论文构建了一个“四位一体”的产业投资网络演化分析框架,以京津冀中部核心区为研究对象,利用工商企业投资大数据测度了非首都功能的3类重点行业在2010、2014、2018年的资本流动特征,并从“节点—路径—格局”3个层面分析了功能疏解背景下产业投资网络演化过程。研究结果表明,非首都功能疏解背景下,北京市各行业对外投资增强,投资集聚中心逐渐向外围转移,但不同行业演化格局存在差异。制造业呈现由邻近扩散向等级扩散转变的演化路径,并向着多中心格局发展;批发零售业在资本净流动层面显示出扩散特征,在骨干路径层面呈现集聚现象,分布格局由北京单极放射状向京津双核联动演化;交通运输仓储和物流业向郊区物流园区所在地集聚,但网络整体发育滞后。研究结果能够为科学认识首都功能疏解情况、了解中部核心区产业结构及产业发展的变动态势提供参考。

关键词: 功能疏解, 网络演化, 工商企业大数据, 京津冀

Abstract:

As the key of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei coordinated development strategy, non-capital function transfer is of great significance for solving the problem of a congested Beijing and achieving the sustainable development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region. This study constructed an analytical framework of change of industrial investment networks, which include the intrinsic attributes of industries, resource endowments, market mechanisms, and governmental response mechanisms. Taking the central core area of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region as a sample, the study used the big data of industrial and commercial enterprise investment to measure the capital flow characteristics of the three key industries with non-capital functions in 2010, 2014, and 2018, and analyzed the process of change of industrial investment networks from the three levels of node-path-pattern under the background of functional dispersal. The research results show that the spillover trend of various industries' investment in Beijing has increased, and industrial agglomerations of non-capital functions are gradually shifting to the periphery of the central city under the background of non-capital function dispersal, but the pattern of change of different industries varies. The manufacturing industry presents a path of change from neighborhood diffusion to hierarchical diffusion, and is developing towards a multi-center pattern; the wholesale and retail industry shows the characteristics of spillover at the level of net capital flow, and agglomeration at the level of backbone path, which evolves from the single centric pattern around Beijing to the dual core linkages between Beijing and Tianjin; the transportation, warehousing, and logistics industries are clustered around the locations of suburban logistics parks outside the city, but the overall development of the network is lagging. The results of this study can provide a reference for understanding of the capital's functional transfer and the dynamic change of industrial structure and industrial development of the central core area of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region.

Key words: functional dispersal, investment network, investment big data, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region