地理科学进展 ›› 2013, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (7): 1148-1158.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2013.07.017

• 社会文化地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

地理学视角下的出国旅居研究综述

文谨1, 白凯2, 孙星3   

  1. 1. 首都师范大学资源环境与旅游学院, 北京100048;
    2. 陕西师范大学旅游与环境学院, 西安710062;
    3. 通用电气医疗系统贸易发展有限公司, 北京100176
  • 收稿日期:2012-05-01 修回日期:2013-05-01 出版日期:2013-07-25 发布日期:2013-07-25
  • 作者简介:文谨(1972-),陕西西安人,副教授,主要从事旅游文化及旅游行为研究。E-mail:wenwanyi@sohu.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41271157);国家旅游局项目(12TACK001)。

Research on international sojourn: A review from geographical perspective

WEN Jin1, BAI Kai2, SUN Xing3   

  1. 1. College of Resource Environment and Tourism, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China;
    2. Tourism and Environment College, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, China;
    3. GE Medical Systems Trade and Development Co., Ltd., Beijing 100176, China
  • Received:2012-05-01 Revised:2013-05-01 Online:2013-07-25 Published:2013-07-25

摘要: 近年来, 随着全球一体化的不断深入, 出国旅居现象正逐步升温。本文通过梳理国外关于出国旅居问题的研究文献, 总结出其主要关注以下几个方面:海外留学、跨文化冲突与融合, 及旅居者启程前与归国后的适应。相关文献显示, 虽然以往的出国旅居研究没有地理学背景的学者介入, 但其中却存在或隐含了一条明确的地理学“人—地—时空”研究脉络, 旅居者随着空间改变对新地区文化的适应甚至认同, 就是旅居者产生“地方感”的过程。由此提出, 应将出国旅居明确纳入文化地理学的研究范畴, 从地理学视角来关注这一现象。

关键词: 出国旅居, 地理学视角, 述评, 文化冲突与交融

Abstract: In recent years, along with the rapid development of globalization, international sojourn has become a universal phenomenon. Based on literature study, we found the main topics in the research on international sojourn as follows: sojourn experiences of international students, transformative power of international sojourn, reentry experience, pre-departure experience. The literature showed that most of research works were published by sociologists without geographical background, yet following geographical research themes explicitly and implicitly, namely, human-environment-time and space. International sojourners would experience culture shock when they move to a new place with different culture. Gradually, sojourners adapt to and even identify with the culture of the new place. From the view of cultural geography, Sojourners' sense of new place takes shape in the process of adaptation. In this paper, we suggested international sojourn should be brought into the research field of cultural geography and pointed out ideas and topics of the research on international sojourn from geographical perspective. Future studies should focus on sojourners' influences on the sojourn places and their hometowns, especially on the identities of different places. The study of international sojourn can not only provide theoretical foundation and guidance to multicultural development, recruitment of employees for multinational corporations, cross-cultural education and cross-cultural communication, but also benefit the research of cultural geography.

Key words: cultural conflict and blend, geographical perspective, review, sojourn