Table of Content

    25 October 2011, Volume 30 Issue 10 Previous Issue    Next Issue
    Original Articles
    Residents Housing Preferences and Consuming Behaviors in a Transitional Economy: New Evidence from Beijing, China
    DANG Yunxiao, ZHANG Wenzhong, WU Wenjie
    2011, 30 (10):  1203-1209.  doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.10.001
    Abstract ( 612 )   PDF (795KB) ( 730 )   Save
    During the past two decades Chinese cities have experienced rapid urbanization process and dramatic rising of job and residential mobility. Recent literatures have paid attention to spatial features of home-work separation and residential relocation choices in transitional Chinese cities. Nonetheless, research on this issue has been limited by the lack of systematic data - especially large scale micro-survey data, on residents’social behaviors as well as other related aspects. In this paper, based on a multi-time survey datasets conducted from 10000 residents in 2009, we establish a mono-centric city’s household residential location demand function model to quantitatively explore the evolution of urban residential housing consumption and its mechanism. Based on the analysis, we find that the balance between commuting costs and housing costs has become the core variable in the residential decision-making process. Other residents’properties, like income, all have significant influencing power on residents’relocation decisions. To be more specific, high-income families would like to pay higher housing costs to reduce commuting costs. Median-income families value housing costs and are less influenced by commuting costs, organization offered housing costs and commuting costs, unit housing residents and affordable housing residents are more inclined to pay higher housing costs to reduce commuting costs while commercial housing residents choose to live in houses with lower housing costs. The empirical results have verified the efficiency of the residents housing consumption in the transitional China and provided the information for future land and housing policy making.
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    A Study on the Job-housing Spatial Balance of Beijing
    CHEN Lei, MENG Xiaochen
    2011, 30 (10):  1210-1217.  doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.10.002
    Abstract ( 640 )   PDF (866KB) ( 624 )   Save
    In the process of socio-economic development and planning construction of Chinese cities, the spatial patterns of job-housing have undergone tremendous changes, and the mismatch of job-housing has led to a series of traffic and social problems. This paper defines a measurement of job-housing balance, through questionnaires and on-site visits in four communities of Beijing in 2008, and then studies their spatial patterns. Further, this paper compares the situation of job-housing balance between citizens with different socio-economic attributes. The results show that the job-housing balance of residents has been destroyed in Beijing, especially in the large-scale work and residence centers. By analyzing the relationship between the social-economic attributes and job-housing balance of residents, we find that the most prominent features of the balanced group are more than 50 years old or engaging in public service or living in the accommodation provided by the corporation or staying with friends/relatives for a transitional period. In contrast, the nuclear families, dwelling owners or the laborers who are engaged in production of farming forestry, animal husbandry and fishery tend to be more imbalanced in job-housing.
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    Commuting Time Change and its Influencing Factors in Beijing
    MENG Bin, ZHENG Limin, YU Huili
    2011, 30 (10):  1218-1224.  doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.10.003
    Abstract ( 1224 )   PDF (681KB) ( 1429 )   Save
    This study was conducted based on the data from two questionnaire investigations done in 2005 and 2010. Geographic Information System (GIS) and spatial analysis were used to analyze the commuting time change. The results showed that the commuting time in Beijing increased significantly,from 38 minutes in 2005 to 43 minutes in 2010. In comparison of several typical regions it can be found that there is a significant spatial difference in the change of commuting time in Beijing. The study of the factors influencing commuting time shows that Beijing's transportation development and the change of residents commuting ways exert great influence on the commuting time, and that the urban planning for the zones with different functions also has significant influence on the commuting time.
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    Satisfaction Evaluation of Office Activities in Beijing
    ZHANG Jingqiu, GUO Jie
    2011, 30 (10):  1225-1232.  doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.10.004
    Abstract ( 717 )   PDF (861KB) ( 512 )   Save
    The study takes the office clusters in Beijing as the survey areas, selects the green lands, the traffic, the commercial facilities and the overall environment around companies as the four subjective evaluation indexes, and uses the questionnaires to survey and analyze the satisfaction for the office buildings. The study suggests that the overall satisfaction is good for the offices in Beijing; the highest satisfaction is for commercial facilities, and the most lowest satisfaction is for the green lands. From the six surveyed districts, we find that districts of Chaoyang, Fengtai and Dongcheng are the top three districts for office activity satisfaction. Haidian District is also qualified. According to the spatial analysis of the office activity satisfaction, the satisfication in the north is higher than in the south. These features are consistent with the distribution of office clusters in Beijing. Cities need a more comfortable living and working environment, and workplace occupies more than 1/3 of the life time. This study will help the urban planning and construction with the perspective of residents' satisfaction and happiness. First we should place emphasis on the comprehensive planning of the office space in Beijing. Second, we should establish the office space with Chinese characteristics and Beijing features based on the local cultures. Finally, we should focus on the balanced development between the northern and southerm parts of Beijing.
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    Allocation Efficiency of Science and Technology Resources in Jing-Jin-Ji, Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta Regions
    WANG Bei, LIU Weidong, LU Dadao
    2011, 30 (10):  1233-1239.  doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.10.005
    Abstract ( 790 )   PDF (652KB) ( 622 )   Save
    With the coming of knowledge economy age, science and technology (S&T hereafter) innovation is becoming the impulse to economic sustainable development. Meanwhile, metropolitan area is the cluster of S&T innovative activities. In China, Jing-Jin-Ji (JJJ) region, Yangtze River Delta (YRD) region and Pearl River Delta(PRD) region play the most important roles in the construction of national S&T innovation system. Based on the main indicators in terms of the S&T input-output system, this paper describes the development of S&T resources in the JJJ, YRD and PRD regions, and evaluates the allocation efficiency of S&T resources in the three metropolitan areas according to entropy method and DEA method. On this basis, the findings presented in this paper confirm the characteristics of the development and allocation efficiency of S&T resources in the three regions as follows: 1) The JJJ, YRD and PRD regions are the major clusters of S&T resources in China. 2) The innovative ability of JJJ region shows polarization, and the innovative units are not distributed evenly; in contrast, the YRD and PRD regions have stronger innovative ability and are likely to be the most dynamic regions in China; 3) The allocation efficiency of S&T resources in the YRD and PRD regions is superior to that in JJJ region.
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    GIS-based Spatial Pattern of the Crimes in Cities and the Early Warning Mechanism
    GENG Shasha, ZHANG Wangfeng, LIU Yong, LI Tiantian, MA Yanqiang
    2011, 30 (10):  1240-1246.  doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.10.006
    Abstract ( 878 )   PDF (1109KB) ( 1709 )   Save
    This paper attempts to use the land use map, road map, community demographic data, and the 10 years data about urban crimes in a county-level city, to conduct a spatial analysis of the county town’s crimes of different types in different years. The research on the urban crime and the spatial pattern of its influencing factors shows that (1) the number of cases in the core area of the county town is the largest, followed by the east and west areas, while fringe areas have a relatively small number of cases; (2) the spatial distribution of crime density have clear regional characteristics, of which the Shuikou Road, Cross Street and Yuanshan market have the highest density of crime; the east and west areas as well as the new city in the north area are the high density areas of crime; while, the fringe of the city is the lowest density area of crime. The study has shown that urban crime has relations with the development of urban built-up area, and there is a strong linear relationship between urban crime and urban travel. Based on the establishment of the spatial distribution model of urban crime, we can simulate and predict the future spatial distribution of urban crimes, so that police departments can take accurate and timely preventive measures.
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    Regional Difference and Patterns of China's Rural Development in the New Era
    YANG Ren, LIU Yansui, LIU Yu
    2011, 30 (10):  1247-1254.  doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.10.007
    Abstract ( 630 )   PDF (682KB) ( 470 )   Save
    In this paper, based on China's 31 provincial panel data of rural development indicators in 2000, 2004 and 2008, and the method of the exploratory factor analysis, the regional differences of new rural development were comprehensively analysed. The eastern, central and western regions had obvious geographical differences in rural development, and the rural development pattern did not change significantly. The pattern of eastern > Central> Northeast > Western remained unchanged, and the level of development in rural areas was the same as the regional economic development. The basic reason for the regional rural differences is the difference in the natural resources and level of economic development. The difference in regional development stage and the main features of rural development are the main reasons for the regional differences. Biased government policies and global factors are important driving forces to strengthen regional differences. The difference in industrial restructuring process in rural areas can increase regional differences. The difference degrees of the development in rural China were 0.356, 0.413 and 0.386, respectively in 2000, 2004 and 2008, which showed that since 2000 the regional differences were expanded. The moving trajectory of rural development in China can be seen during the period 2000-2008. The centre of gravity rural development is located in Anhui Province of China, and the differences in rural development are significant. The "center of gravity" of rural development shifted to the north from 2000 to 2004, and the rural development was quicker in the northern areas. China's strategic plan of building a new socialist countryside and the western development strategy made progress steadily in rural development. The level of rural development differences was reduced from 2004 to 2008.
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    Scope Determination of the Airport Industrial Zone: A Case Study of the Yangtze River Delta
    ZHANG Lei, CHEN Wen, SONG Zhengna
    2011, 30 (10):  1255-1262.  doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.10.008
    Abstract ( 971 )   PDF (659KB) ( 991 )   Save
    The research on the airport economic area always relys on the related research of airport industrial zone. After we analyze the difference and similarities between them,the concept of airport economic area is further clearfied. A case study of the hub-airport in the Yangtze River Delta is conducted. The determination of the airport economic area goes as follows. Firstly, if urban built-up areas adjacent to the airport area are formed or not is one of issues considered. Secondly, according to the experience at home and abroad, we determine that the 5-km radius area and the achievable places in 15 minutes from the airport are the initial study region, and all the enterprises inside are judged as having the hub-orientation functions and are divided into four categories. Then, inside the concentric circles of different radiuses and the time-based circles, the proportation of enterprises with strong hub-orientation functions is calculated as the evidence of the airport economic area. Finally, we compare the results between concentric circle analysis and time-based analysis, and confirm the scope of airport industrial zone. Researches on the three hub-airports show that Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport has an obvious airport economic area, extending about 2 km from the airport,while Wuxi Shuofang international airport and Nanjing Lukou international airport have no airport economic areas till now.
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    Research Progress on Economy Efficiency and Total Factor Productivity
    LIU Jianguo, LI Guoping, ZHANG Juntao
    2011, 30 (10):  1263-1275.  doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.10.009
    Abstract ( 642 )   PDF (536KB) ( 968 )   Save
    TFP (Total factor productivity), a hot topic in today’s academia, is an important concept in the field of economic growth. In recent years,the study has been changed from the single measurement of labor productivity and capital productivity to the integrative measurement of total factor productivity. Moreover, the use of some new models and methods has also promoted the study of productivity onto an absolutely new height. The article systematically sorts out the research progress on total factor productivity at home and abroad, from the aspect of theoretical approaches and empirical research. It is found that there is some insufficiency in the existing research. Firstly,the theoretical study on total factor productivity is still inadequate. Secondly, there are relatively few studies on systematical and comprehensive empirical research on urban economy efficiency. Thirdly, the study on the policy system study for enhancing the economic efficiency is relatively weak. Finally the research method is not innovative. The paper also proposes the possible research directions.
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    Progress of Industrial Distrits’Evolution Theory and Its Implication to Creative Industrial District Study
    MA Renfeng, WU Yang, SHEN Yufang
    2011, 30 (10):  1276-1288.  doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.10.010
    Abstract ( 629 )   PDF (742KB) ( 643 )   Save
    Industrial districts are important places for production activities and a major type of urban spaces. There are many scholars who studied the formation and evolution of the industrial districts at home and abroad. So far there have been no ready theory and or theoretical framework ofor the study on industrial district evolution. Based on collected literatures, this paper discussed the conceptual framework of industrial district evolution was summarized, and the formulation and components of temporal and spatial process, areal division of labor— spatial development and landscape change. Secondly, it reviewed the influencing factors, dynamics, life cycle and evolutionary direction of industrial districts. Finally, the paper recognized the core contents of the study on creative industrial district evolution, and constructed the concept - content - method for the study.
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    Progress in Cultural Geography Research Reflected by the Projects Supported by the National Science Foundation of China: A Perspective of Knowledge Production
    QIAN Liyun, ZHU Hong
    2011, 30 (10):  1289-1297.  doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.10.011
    Abstract ( 601 )   PDF (958KB) ( 555 )   Save
    Since 1991, a total of 63 foundation projects of cultural geography have been supported by the National Science Foundation of China (NFSC), one of the highest levels of research support in China, including 47 projects in Natural Science and 16 projects in Social Science, reflecting the development trend in the field of cultural geography, and advancing the growth of cultural geography literatures in the past 20 years. This research explores the funding characteristics and the current regional distributions of cultural geography research in China under the support of the NFSC by examining the quality of the production of NSFC by text analysis. A knowledge production function was used to measure the actual performance of project items by explaining the inputs and outputs of the subjects. Our research finds the optimistic trend that scholars supported by the fund generally make output efficiently. Most of the research institutions of cultural geography are located in the coastal cities, in a few research centers which have delivered key researchers. Much of cultural study area covered in the east, especially in the Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta regions, while the central and western regions of China are less studied. The projects are becoming interdisciplinary, in both social sciences and applied subjects. This result of this paper reflects the academic track of Chinese cultural geography in the past 16 years, providing a reference for the relevant fund applications and for understanding and grasping the development trends of cultural geography.
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    Geographical Distribution and Regional Differentiation of Contemporary Geographical Professors and Researchers in China
    LI Shuangshuang, YAN Junping
    2011, 30 (10):  1298-1304.  doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.10.012
    Abstract ( 735 )   PDF (687KB) ( 508 )   Save
    There have been few studies on the talents with geographical background. Based on the statistical data, this article examines Chinese contemporary geographical professors and researchers in several aspects, including the number, age structure, native place, geographical distribution and regional differentiation, and reveals the reasons for regional differences and relevant influencing factors. The results show that there is greater regional differentiation in eastern China than in western China, and also greater in southern China than in northern China. A large number of geographical brains are concentrated in Shaanxi, Guangdong, Zhejiang and Jiangsu provinces, while fewer professors and researchers are distributed in northwestern China. The regional differences, to a certain extent, have been formed due to the intrinsic factors of geographical scholars, while they are affected by some factors such as economic condition, politics, and culture.
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    Progress and Enlightenments of Foreign Golf Tourism Study
    ZHU Fang, SU Qin
    2011, 30 (10):  1305-1311.  doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.10.013
    Abstract ( 554 )   PDF (618KB) ( 844 )   Save
    Golf tourism is a combination of golf and tourism resources. With the income increase in recent years, golf tourism is growing rapidly. This article is based on the international literature on golf tourism and finds that foreign scholars have involved in golf tourism earlier and their study results are more intensive. Their researches cover mainly the concept of golf tourism, golf tourist decision-making behavior, the economic, social and environmental impacts of golf tourism and golf tourism management model. In the research methods, foreign studies mainly use multi-disciplinary approaches focusing on survey and interview, selecting well-known golf courses and clubs as cases, accessing primary data for analysis and adopting model construction and mathematical statistics to support the qualitative description. Finally, this paper summarized the recent status of international studies, in order to provide references for the healthy development of Chinese golf tourism.
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    Studies on Convergence and Divergence of City Image and Destination Image
    BAI Kai, ZHAO Anzhou
    2011, 30 (10):  1312-1320.  doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.10.014
    Abstract ( 734 )   PDF (587KB) ( 808 )   Save
    "Image" is becoming an essential topic of the multidisciplinary research in recent years. Based on the literature review, this article reviews and analyzes the research context and methods of city image and destination image comprehensively. The results of the research demonstrate that the occurrence and the development of city image and destination image have a significant relationship with the development level of the country and the world as well as the mankind’s social demand. Meanwhile, the two kinds of outside impetuses determine the direction of the research. The general tendency of the research on city image and destination image is convergent in the aspects of core content, research direction and methodology, and outside impetuses for research development. On the other hand, there exist obvious differences between the research from the standpoint of the group research and the certain subject research. At the same time, this article reveals the importance of paying close attention to the“sense of place”of image and puts forward some specific suggestions about the improvement of research technique to deepen the research on city image and destination image.
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    Tourism Spatial Model Study Based on the Gradient Difference of River Basin and Tourism Development in the Xijiang Economic Belt of Guangxi
    WEI Zhichao, NIU Yafei, CHEN Tian
    2011, 30 (10):  1321-1328.  doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2011.10.015
    Abstract ( 471 )   PDF (895KB) ( 442 )   Save
    River basin is not only an ordered physical geographical space but also an inner closely-related social economic space, which made river basin an important district unit of regional development. In river basin development, the status of tourism is elevating and tourism proves to be the upgrading industry. This paper obtained the tourism development rule of river basin by reviewing the academic research and the practical development in the river basin. And then the paper, based on the gradient difference of river basin and six pieces of assumptions, built the ideal tourism spatial model by focusing on the tourism supply and demand structure. After that, we considered how the urban spatial structure affected the ideal tourism spatial model and built the tourism spatial model considering the effects of the urban areas. The main method to construct the tourism spatial model is deduction. Finally, we analyzed the tourism supply and demand structure of the Xijiang Economic Belt, and we found that the tourism supply abided by the assumption while the tourism demand showed a U-shaped structure. The appearence of cities in the upper and middle parts of the river basin accelerated the tourism development in the upper part of the Xijiang Economic Belt. In the near future, the middle and lower parts have the endogenic demand force in the Xijiang Economic Belt. In the study to complete the tourism spatial model of river basin will focus on ecological environment capacity, availability of tourist attractions and the key forces outside the river basin.
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