Studies on the Transfer of the Right of Operation of Scenic Areas: A Review
2012, 31 (11):
Transfer of the right of operation is a phenomenon of Chinese characteristics in the tourism industry. This paper provides a panoramic coverage and an objective review of the studies on the topic and proposes the focus for future studies. To make sure to meet the scientifically rigorous standard, this work uses systematic review methodologies. First a thorough search of the literature by key words is conducted, a number of papers are selected by certain screening criteria and repetitive papers excluded, and finally 143 papers published from 2002 to 2011 are chosen, including 120 Chinese articles, 22 master and doctoral dissertations and 1 conference publication. Five main conclusions are drawn from the analysis. (1) Main themes of the literature are the focus on the existent problems in the tourism practices with the attempts to investigate the causes and suggest alternatives, solutions and remedies, rather than the forward-looking studies. (2) Numbers of publications vary over time. Most papers were published from 2002 to 2006, with a peak number of 26 in 2006, and the number decreases afterwards. (3) Most works are rather shallow and the topics are scattered in different directions such as value assessment, benefits of transfer, models of transfer, executions of policies and regulations, government participations and policy recommendations, business entities, and reviews. (4) The studies are rather qualitative, lacking indepth investigations, and high percentage of the papers, up to 50%, focus on basic analysis. (5) Relatively speaking, among the scattered topics, value assessment, executions of policies and regulations, and benefits of transfer are the major ones with a good in-depth approach. Six topics should be investigated in the future: (1) the legal environment for the transfer of the right of operation of scenic areas; (2) the driving force and mechanism of transfer ability of the rights of operation; (3) method to assess the value of the right of operation and policy study; (4) relationships of the stakeholders and their interests in the transfer of the right of operation; (5) the micro- scale benefits of the transfer of the right of operation and case studies; (6) macro-scale studies of policy-making and regulation recommendations for the transfer of the right of operation.
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