Reduce- recycle- reuse becomes more active in China in natural resource development and uses. With the high pressure on natural resources in China's socio- economic development, 3R industry experiences a new milestone during the last ten years. By the end of 2005, 23 512 enterprises are engaged in the 3R industry in China. In order to find the differences of the 3R industry development among the provinces in China, a statistic methodology with 14 socio- economic indicators linked with the 3R Industry GIS Database of China has been applied in the analysis of 3R industry in China's provinces. Guangdong province is at the top level in 3R industry development in China, which has 4 996 enterprises. Jiangsu(2 267), Zhejiang (2 259) and Shandong(2 217) provinces run the second level 7 provinces, Hebei, Shanghai, Fujian, Liaoning, Hubei, Hunan and Henan, run the third level, with the number of the enterprises in each province ranging from 600 ~2000. The provinces of Tianjin, Beijing, Sichuan, Anhui, Jiangxi, Helongjiang, Guanxi, Shanxi, Chongqing, Jilin and Hong Kong run the fourth level, with the number of the enterprises in each ranging 200~600. And other provinces are lower than 200. The spatial pattern of the 3R industry in China is that it declines from eastern to western in the terms of changes in population, economic development and the local policies. Based on the analysis above, recommendations have been provided in this paper, including: (1) the official statistics agency of China should pay more attention to the statistics in the 3R industry development in China, and as a more practical action, a survey on 3R industry census in China is necessary; (2) The national guidance and management policy for 3R development and spatial distribution should be made available; and (3) the standards for 3R industry development and the 3R industry monitoring systems in the national level should be established as soon as possible.