PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (11): 2004-2017.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2022.11.002

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Influence of support measures on the livelihood strategy choice of out-of-poverty farming households in mountainous regions: A case study of the Longnan mountainous area

WANG Helin(), ZHAO Xueyan*()   

  1. College of Geography and Environment Science, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China
  • Received:2022-01-12 Revised:2022-04-12 Online:2022-11-28 Published:2023-01-28
  • Contact: ZHAO Xueyan;
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41971268);Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Class A)(XDA19040502);Science and Technology Foundation for Youths of Gansu Province, China(22JR5RA163)


Support measures are not only a key means to build a long-term mechanism for stable poverty eradication, but also an objective requirement to promote the effective connection between poverty eradication and rural revitalization. This study established an analytical framework for the impact of support measures on farmers' choice of livelihood strategies. Based on the household survey data, we examined the key factors that influence the choice of livelihood strategies of the rural households. The results show that: 1) Of the rural households in the Longnan mountainous area, 59.84% have enjoyed multiple support measures, among which the most common are industrial development + ecological compensation, while the most popular individual support measure is poverty alleviation by ecological compensation. 2) The livelihood strategy of the rural out-of-poverty households in the Longnan mountainous area is mainly off-farm employment, which is characterized by characteristic agricultural, non-agricultural, and diversification types. 3) The path dependence of the livelihood strategy choice of the out-of-poverty farmers is at a medium level. Farming households living in gully and valley areas, elderly farmers, and farmers with low livelihood capital endowments have a strong dependence on the path of livelihood strategy choice, and support measures have a moderating effect on them. 4) Social capital, human capital, financial capital, and location conditions have a significant impact on farmers' choice of livelihood strategies. Industrial development and e-commerce poverty alleviation interventions have a positive impact on farmers' choice of characteristic agriculture-oriented livelihood strategy, while ecological compensation and employment measures have a positive impact on farmers' choice of non-agricultural livelihood strategy. Finally, we recommended measures to optimize the livelihood strategies of farmers.

Key words: support measures, livelihood strategy, out-of-poverty farming households, path dependence, Longnan mountainous area