PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (1): 53-63.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2022.01.005

• Special Column: Theories and Methods of Behavioral Geography • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Development of time geography based on the project-activity system

ZHANG Yan1,2(), CHAI Yanwei3,*()   

  1. 1. The Institute of Beijing Studies, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100191, China
    2. The Research Base for Beijing Studies, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100191, China
    3. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2021-09-16 Revised:2021-11-26 Online:2022-01-28 Published:2022-03-28
  • Contact: CHAI Yanwei;
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41771185);National Natural Science Foundation of China(42071203);Educational Research and Reform Project of Beijing Union University(JY2019Z001)


All-ecological worldveiw as well as the focus on the process and the complexity of human-environment interaction are the theoretical core of time geography, which are also the key questions of the theoretical construction of space-behavioral interactions within behavioral geography, while the concepts of project and pockets of local orders are the latest development in new time geography. This article reviewed the theoretical development and the frontier of time geography in recent years from three aspects, including the project-activity system and its changes, social interaction under the interwoven organizational project and individual project, and the process of project realization by the construction of pockets of local orders. The development of new time geography further improves the interpretation of the human activity system and deepens the understanding of the complex mechanism of human and environmental interactions. This article systematically examined the interdisciplinary and innovative application of time geography in transportation, urban and regional planning, geography, occupational therapy and health, and resources and energy use. It calls for more attention from researchers to time geography in future research by using it and carrying out interdisciplinary application, carrying out international comparative study on time geography, further developing the behavior paradigm of Chinese urban research, enriching Chinese urban space-behavior interaction theory, and contributing to the high-quality social and economic development of Chinese cities.

Key words: time geography, project-activity system, pockets of local orders, new time geography, space-behavior interaction