PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (6): 980-990.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2021.06.008

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Influencing factors and spatial characteristics of residents’ pollution perception around large-scale waste treatment facilities

DANG Yi1,2(), TANG Qing3, YU Jianhui1,2,*(), ZHANG Wenzhong1,2, LI Jiaming1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. Bureau of Frontier Sciences and Education, CAS, Beijing 100864, China
  • Received:2020-10-19 Revised:2021-03-17 Online:2021-06-28 Published:2021-08-28
  • Contact: YU Jianhui;
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41671166);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41871170);Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDA23100302)


In recent years, with the rapid development of large cities in China, large-scale waste treatment facilities and residential spaces overlap are affecting residents' quality of life. Taking Beijing's largest waste treatment center—Asuwei as the research object, this study built a multilayer linear model based on data from a questionnaire survey conducted in August to October 2019 to examine the relationship between residents' perception of pollution and distance from the source of pollution, residents' individual attributes, and residents' subjective perceptions. Using this model, we explored the influencing factors of residents' perception of pollution around neighboring facilities. On this basis, combined with demographic characteristics of the areas around waste treatment facility, the spatial characteristics of residents' pollution perception were analyzed. The study found that: 1) In terms of individual attributes, factors such as education background and household income have a positive effect on residents' perception of pollution; "old Beijingers" are most sensitive to pollution from waste disposal centers, while "new Beijingers" are the least sensitive; residents aged 30-40 have the strongest perception of pollution. 2) In terms of subjective perception, residents who are aware of the surrounding pollution sources and believe that they are exposed to great pollution hazards are more sensitive to pollution. 3) Distance to Asuwei directly affects residents' perception of pollution, as well as the degree to which other factors affect residents' perception of pollution. The farther the distance, the greater the impact of education, household income, and knowledge of pollution sources on pollution perception. 4) The residential communities within 9 km from Asuwei gather a large number of low-income and less educated people. Such residents lack the necessary protection awareness and need to be paid attention to. There are more highly educated "new Beijingers" in the Huilongguan-Tiantongyuan area that is 9-12 km away from Asuwei, and in this area residents' perception of pollution varies greatly. Residents in the areas more than 12 km away from Asuwei have weak perception of pollution, and the negative perception of these residents can be eliminated through positive guidance.

Key words: pollution perception, multilayer linear model, influencing factors, Beijing