PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (5): 784-797.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2021.05.006

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Impact of agriculture industrial development on farmers’ livelihood:Based on the research of four migrant villages in Hongsibu District, Ningxia

MA Caihong1,2(), YUAN Qianying1, WEN Qi1,2,*(), LI Xuemei3   

  1. 1. College of Geography and Planning, Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Resource Evaluation and Environmental Regulation in Arid Area of Ningxia (Central Afghanistan), Yinchuan 750021, China
    3. School of Geography and Tourism, Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing 401331, China
  • Received:2020-11-16 Revised:2020-12-17 Online:2021-05-28 Published:2021-07-28
  • Contact: WEN Qi;
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41761034);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41961034);National Natural Science Foundation of China(42061037);Natural Sciences Foundation of Ningxia(2020AAC02008)


Industrial development is not only the basis of rural revitalization, but also an important breakthrough point to increase farmers' income and rural prosperity. Industrial development and farmers' livelihood depend on and influence each other, and the mechanism of influence is very complex. Examining the experience of agriculture industrial development in the area of ecological migration and analyze the impact of industrial development on farmers' livelihood is of great significance for promoting the revival of rural industry, the restoration of farmers' livelihood, and the sustainable development in the area. This study took Hongsibu District of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, the largest single immigrant area in China, as the study area, selected one village for each of the major rural industries, and used data from a questionnaire survey and semistructured interviews to examine the impact of agricultural industries on farmers' livelihood. On the basis of comparing the input-output of different industries, the impact of industrial development on farmers' livelihood output, livelihood capital, and livelihood strategy was explored. The results show that: 1) The agricultural industries in Hongsibu District has shown the characteristics of transformation from traditional extensive to high efficiency intensive agriculture, but the problems of short industrial chain and low ability to resist market risks and natural hazards and disasters are still outstanding. 2) Agriculture industrial development has an obvious effect on improving farmers' income, but the degree of influence is closely related to industrial types and farmers' participation. The total livelihood capital of farmers who have completed agriculture industrial transformation is much higher than that of other farmers, and there are obvious differences in livelihood capital structure. 3) The dominant livelihood modes of farmers in different specialized villages vary, and the support of agriculture industrial development to farmers' livelihood still needs to be improved. Under the background of rural revitalization, it is urgent to cultivate new business entities, guide small farmers to organically connect with modern agricultural industries, promote farmers' deep integration into the agriculture industrial chain and benefit for a long time, and fully release the diversified functions of agricultural industries. At the same time, the local government should continue to provide targeted assistance to farmers with difficulties in industrial transformation through financial support, technical training, trusteeship, and other forms of help to enable them to establish a sustainable livelihood system.

Key words: rural revitalization, agricultural industries, farmers' livelihood, livelihood capital, livelihood strategy, Ningxia