PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2020, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (12): 2105-2117.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2020.12.012

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Conflicts and coordination of tourism resource use in protected areas in China

LI Qunji1(), WANG Ling'en2,*()   

  1. 1. School of History, Culture and Tourism, Huaiyin Normal University, Huai'an 223300, Jiangsu, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2020-07-07 Revised:2020-09-24 Online:2020-12-28 Published:2021-02-28
  • Contact: WANG Ling'en;
  • Supported by:
    The Second Tibetan Plateau Scientific Expedition and Research Program (STEP)(2019QZKK1002);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41701620);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41571116);Graduate Innovation Fund of Shanghai University of Finance and Economics(2016110851)


Reconciling the conflicts between the protection and use of tourism resources is one of the key issues to be solved urgently in the development of protected areas. Based on a review of the characteristics and models of development and use of tourism resources in protected areas in China and using qualitative research methods, this study analyzed the conflicts of tourism resource use in protected areas in China, and explored the formation mechanism of tourism resource use conflicts in protected areas. From the perspectives of ecological protection, community development, and related theories, we discussed the feasibility and assessed the situation of tourism resource use in protected areas at the current stage. Finally, to establish an integrated resource use system with clear rights and responsibilities for stakeholders in protected areas, strengthen the research on the assessment of the environmental effects of tourism resource use activities, explore the dynamic models of protection and use of natural ecological resources based on local conditions, establish a more precise resource use zoning plan for the protection of protected areas, and take the ecological concept as guidance to creatively develop new types of ecotourism products, we proposed a reasonable path for tourism resource use in protected areas. The conclusions of the article may help the society to understand the conflicts in the use of tourism resources in protected areas from a systematic perspective, and may be used as a reference for promoting the balanced use of natural ecological resources.

Key words: tourism resources, protected area, mechanism of conflict, coordination