PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2020, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (1): 120-131.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2020.01.012

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Effects of implementation of urban planning in response to climate change

XIE Zhenghui1,2, LIU Bin1,2, YAN Xiaodong3, MENG Chunlei4, XU Xianli5, LIU Yu6, QIN Peihua1, JIA Binghao1, XIE Jinbo1, LI Ruichao1,2, WANG Longhuan1,2, WANG Yan1,2, CHEN Si1,2   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling for Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, CAS, Beijing100029, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing100049, China
    3. State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing100875, China
    4. Institute of Urban Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing 100089, China
    5. Institute of Subtropical Agriculture, CAS, Changsha 410125, China
    6. Institute of Science and Development, CAS, Beijing100190, China
  • Received:2019-03-04 Revised:2019-07-28 Online:2020-01-28 Published:2020-03-28
  • Supported by:
    Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDA23090102);Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China(41830967);Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences(QYZDY-SSW-DQC012)


With the changing climate and rapid urban development, megacities and urban agglomerations suffer from frequent extreme weathers caused by high temperature and heavy rain and haze, and ecological and environmental problems become increasingly more prominent. Urban planning in response to climate change is an important means to reduce the negative influence of urban climate, environment, and extreme events, through optimization of land use, spatial structure, road traffic, and greening of urban spaces. This article summarizes the impact mechanisms of urban planning implementation on the climate and the environment and examines the evaluation methods of urban planning implementation effects. In consideration of making urban planning in respond to climate change, we put forward a viewpoint to solving optimization problems with multiple controls, objectives, and constraints based on extreme events index, economic feasibility, and regional applicability. We maintain that it is urgent to conduct impact and adaptation research on urban climate change based on the interactions of climate, environment, and social economic systems, including improving the evaluation methods and constructing the multi-scale integrated assessment system of urban planning effects, in order to realize the green, smart, and resilient urban development strategy with the optimal climate environment and the minimum social and economic costs.

Key words: urban planning, climate change, integrated evaluation, land surface and climate model