PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (11): 1665-1674.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2019.11.002

• Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spatial differentiation of the impact of high-speed rail on aviation passenger market in central cities of China

WANG Shaobo1, GUO Jianke2,*(), LUO Xiaolong1, GU Zongni1   

  1. 1. School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
    2. Center for Studies of Marine Economy and Sustainable Development, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China
  • Received:2018-12-11 Revised:2019-05-13 Online:2019-11-28 Published:2019-11-28
  • Contact: GUO Jianke
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China No(41871112);National Natural Science Foundation of China No(41471133);the Beijing Key Laboratory of Megaregions Sustainable Development Modelling, Capital University of Economics and Business, No(MCR2019QN16)


The spatial differentiation characteristics of the impact of high-speed rail on China's air passenger market is of important reference value for the coordinated development of the two modes of transportation. Using the standard deviation ellipse and traffic comprehensive utility analysis methods, this study analyzed the development status and spatial competition of the high-speed rail and air passenger transport market. The results show that: 1) The high-speed rail and aviation passenger markets have all formed a spatial pattern with Wuhan as the center. Compared with the high-speed rail, the development of the air passenger market area is more balanced; compared with the central cities of the eastern and western regions, the probability of passengers traveling with high-speed rail in the central cities of central China is higher. 2) The per capita time value is inversely proportional to the superiority distance of high-speed rail. The difference in superiority distance makes the high-speed rail and aviation passenger markets in central cities clearly different spatially. Based on the comprehensive utility perspective of traffic, for travels between most central cities in China, air travel is still the best choice. 3) The impact of high-speed rail on the air passenger transport market shows clear spatial differentiation. Most of the central cities in central China are the most affected, which is a key area for coordinating the development of high-speed railways and aviation. In the western region, due to the location conditions of transportation and the lagging development of high-speed rail, air transportation is dominant, and there is still a market gap in the aviation-dominated areas.

Key words: high-speed rail, aviation, per capita time value, competition and cooperation, spatial differentiation