PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (9): 1424-1434.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2019.09.015

• Paths and Models of Rural Revitalization • Previous Articles     Next Articles

China’s rural land reform and rural vitalization

CHEN Kunqiu1,2,3,LONG Hualou1,2,3,*(),MA Li1,2,3,ZHANG Yingnan1,2,3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2019-04-24 Revised:2019-05-27 Online:2019-09-28 Published:2019-09-25
  • Contact: LONG Hualou
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.41731286);National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.41971216);National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.41901207);Project of Poverty Alleviation Supported by Science and Technology, CAS(No.fp-2018-4)


There is a huge gulf between the dilemmas of rural development and the strategic goals of rural vitalization in China. This study examined the trend and characteristics of land reform and rural development in China since 1949, and then explored the interactive mechanisms based on the functional system of rural land reform. Alternative pathways and typical models of rural vitalization promoted by rural land reform were also discussed. The main conclusions are as follows: 1) Rural land reform is the breakthrough point to address the current dilemmas of rural development and promote rural vitalization. In essence, it is the readjustment of production relations in the new era to adapt to the development of urban-rural productive forces, both of which are urgent, integrative, and challenging. Since 1949, changes in rural land institution and rural development have been generally coupled and linked. 2) In the new era, rural land reform has multifunctional values. It promotes rural reconstruction and rural multifunctional development by reinforcing weak links and gives play to the multiplier effect of institutional linkages, urban-rural integration, and economy transformation, to promote rural vitalization and drive the optimization of urban-rural territorial system functions. 3) Along the path of integrating elements, restructuring structures, and optimizing functions, rural land reform promotes the change of regional functions and rural vitalization according to local conditions. 4) In the future, it is necessary to give full play to the stimulating effect of rural land reform, pay attention to potential policy frictions, deepen the positive feedback of rural vitalization on rural land reform, and carefully consider the coordination of rural land reform measures and rural development.

Key words: rural vitalization, rural restructuring, rural land reform, institutional change, element-structure-function