PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (9): 1272-1281.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2019.09.001

• Subject and Development of Rural Revitalization • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Themes evolution of rural revitalization and its research prospect in China from 1949 to 2019

WEN Qi1,ZHENG Dianyuan2,SHI Linna3   

  1. 1. School of Resources and Environment, Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021, China
    2. School of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Northwestern University, Xi'an 710127, China
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2019-07-03 Revised:2019-08-17 Online:2019-09-28 Published:2019-09-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.41661042);National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.41761034)


In this article, we reviewed the process of rural development from 1949 to 2019. Implementing the rural revitalization strategy is essential for the declared prioritization of agricultural and rural development, achieving the overarching goal of agricultural and rural modernization, and establishing and improving the mechanism and policy framework of integrated urban and rural development. Rural development in China can be divided into five stages. The first stage involved urban-rural dual structure development with people's cooperatives as the primary agents. The second comprised a household contract responsibility system, and is characterized by a small-scale peasant economy. The third involved coordinating urban and rural development with a "city re-feeding rural areas" policy. The fourth was urban-rural integrated development oriented by rural reconstruction. Finally, the fifth stage is rural revitalization guided by balanced urban and rural development. This study also described and analyzed the evolution process of six revitalization themes since 1949, as well as tracing the journey of the deepening research into the themes. The six themes are: differentiation of the agents, industrial evolution, environmental improvement, cultural reconstruction, rural governance, and rural planning. Finally, this study focused on the recent rural revitalization to address strategic needs and five upcoming areas of research. These research areas include interdisciplinary integrated research of theory and practice, urban-rural integration, integrated development of rural industry and improvement of quality and efficiency, integrated development of rural production, living, and ecological space, and cross-regional rural cooperation and linkage. Future research trends were also discussed.

Key words: rural revitalization, rural development process, revitalization themes, research trends