PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2019, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (3): 407-416.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2019.03.010

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Spatial pattern and agglomeration mode of parcel collection and delivery points in Wuhan City

Gang LI1,2(), Weiyu CHEN1,2, Lan YANG1,2, Qian LIU1,2, Xiliang CHEN1,2   

  1. 1.College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Northwest University, Xi'an 710127, China
    2. Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Earth Surface System and Environmental Carrying Capacity, Northwest University, Xi'an 710127, China
  • Received:2018-04-11 Revised:2019-01-11 Online:2019-03-28 Published:2019-03-28
  • Supported by:
    Tang Scholar Program of Northwest University (2016).


In the era of Internet economy, e-commerce centering on online shopping has boomed, which also promotes the development of the logistics industry. In order to solve the distribution problem of the " last kilometer logistics," parcel collection and delivery points (CDPs) appeared and became a new research object in a multidimensional perspective of geography. Based on the point of interest (POI) data of the Cainiao Station and China Post in 13 municipal districts of Wuhan City, this study used the methods of text analysis, spatial analysis, among others to explore the organization form, location choice, spatial distribution, and agglomeration mode of the CDPs in the city. The conclusions are as follows: 1) Cainiao Station and China Post have very different supporting mechanisms and service targets, and they can play complementary roles despite of their competitive relationship. 2) Most of the Cainiao Station and China Post CDPs are located within 200 meters from the entrances and exits of communities, but those of Cainiao Station are located closer to the communities than China Post. 3) Affected by factors such as urban population distribution, land use type, and purchasing power of residents, the CDPs are unevenly distributed but they extend along the northeast-southwest symmetrical axis, with the density decreasing from the inner to the outer city. 4) The CDPs concentrate in the center of the city, forming a "hot spot area" while disperse in the periphery of the city, forming a "cold spot area," and their agglomeration mode is multiple cores, mainly affected by the aggregation of the Cainiao Station CDPs. 5) The CDPs are distributed on the residential land but their number is still small in the marginal residential areas, and the number is positively related to the size of municipal districts and the number of permanent residents. Finally, based on the above results, this article puts forward some countermeasures as well as the future prospects of research.

Key words: collection and delivery points, spatial pattern, agglomeration mode, POI, Wuhan City