PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (9): 1128-1139.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2017.09.009

• Special Issue: Urban Cultural Sensing and Computing • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spatial patterns and characteristics for service level of urban public cultural facilities in central Beijing

Dan HE1(), Fengjun JIN2,*(), Teqi DAI3, Ying SUN1, Zhenyang ZHOU1   

  1. 1. College of Applied Arts and Sciences, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100191, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,CAS,Beijing 100101, China
    3. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Online:2017-09-27 Published:2017-09-27
  • Contact: Fengjun JIN E-mail:hedan@buu.edu.cn;jinfj@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41201115;Premium Funding Project for Academic Human Resources Development in Beijing Union University, No.BPHR2017CZ01;Beijing Philosophy and Social Science Foundation, No.14CSC015, No.14CSA002

Abstract:

Public cultural facilities refer to buildings, venues, and equipment organized by the people's governments at various levels or by social groups for the public to carry out cultural activities. Quantitative analysis and evaluation of service level of existing public cultural facilities not only can enrich public facility spatial planning theory, but also can provide a reference for the actual planning of cultural facilities and government decision making. From the four aspects of quantity, quality, spatial distribution, and satisfaction of facilities, a comprehensive evaluation index system of cultural facility service level is constructed. Using multi-index comprehensive evaluation method and GIS spatial analysis and 3D simulation techniques, the spatial distribution pattern and characteristics of service level of public cultural facilities in Beijing are discussed. According to the evaluation results of service level of public cultural facilities, there are significant differences in service level between different types of facilities, and the service level of cultural service centers (cultural stations) is the highest, and the art museum is the lowest. According to the evaluation results of service level of public cultural facilities, there are significant differences in service level between different types of facilities, and the service level of cultural service centers (cultural stations) is the highest, and the art museum is the lowest. According to the evaluation results of service level of public cultural facilities, there are significant differences in service level between different types of facilities, and the service level of cultural service centers (cultural stations) is the highest, and the art museum is the lowest. With regard to the level of public cultural services, 54.96% neighborhoods are at a low level. Based on these, the spatial characteristics of the level of public cultural services are summarized as follows: First, the spatial distribution of service levels in different districts and neighborhoods is generally uneven. The level of services as a whole shows a clear "core-periphery" spatial structure, and it is diminishing from the core to the periphery. Moreover, in the core area, the service level is higher; in the northwest and the southern regions the service level is low. Second, Trend analysis indicates that the level of services in the directions of east to west and south to north shows an inverted "u" shape, and the change from east to west is gentler relative to from south to north, and the service level rises slightly from west to east. Third, the service level of cultural facilities is weakly related to the population distribution. Finally, the level of cultural facilities and the level of services are basically matched. The level of service is higher if there is more proportion of high-level facilities in the urban areas.

Key words: facility service level, public cultural facilities, spatial pattern, spatial characteristics, central Beijing