PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (5): 635-643.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2017.05.011

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Subjective evaluation of external environment of office space in Beijing

Maocheng ZHEN1,2(), Jingqiu ZHANG3,*(), Mengfei LI4   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. College of Applied Arts and Science of Beijing Union University, Beijing 100191, China
    4. College of Resources Environment and Tourism, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China
  • Received:2016-09-01 Online:2017-05-20 Published:2017-05-20
  • Contact: Jingqiu ZHANG;
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41271185;Beijing Social Science Planning Program, No.13JDCSD001


:Business activities conducted in office buildings are becoming the main driving force of economic development in metropolitan areas. Research on the external environment of office space not only can provide some guidance for office space planning and design, but also can improve the quality of urban built environment and urban construction. This study took the 10 typical office clusters in Beijing as the survey areas and selected safety, accessibility, comfort, and convenience as the key aspects of evaluation to analyze resident satisfaction toward the external environment of office space in Beijing. The main conclusions are as follows. (1) The overall subjective evaluation result of external environment of office space is satisfactory. Compared with the high satisfaction level of safety, rail transit and office supporting service network developments lagged behind, which led to a low degree of comfort and convenience. (2) Individual characteristics including gender, age, level of education, and position have important impacts on the perception of the external environment of office clusters. Women demand higher safety. People with higher education level and position have higher demand for better external environment. (3) According to the evaluation result, the 10 office clusters in Beijing can be divided into four categories: mature advanced type, to be improved type, lagged behind type, and uncoordinated type. The evaluation results of office clusters reveal the difference between the actual external environment of the office space and the psychological needs of office employees, which provides a basis for differentiated improvement of such environments.

Key words: external environment, office cluster, quantitative analysis, satisfaction evaluation, subjective perception, Beijing