PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (4): 416-425.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2017.04.003

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Job-housing mismatch of floating population in urban villages of Beijing

Chengzhi ZHENG1(), Wangfeng ZHANG1,*(), Bingyan WU1, Bo LIANG2   

  1. 1. College of Earth and Environment Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China
    2. Institute of Disaster Reduction and Emergency Management, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2016-09-01 Online:2017-04-20 Published:2017-04-20
  • Contact: Wangfeng ZHANG;
  • Supported by:
    National Basic Scientific Personnel Training Foundation of China, No.J1210065]


Homemaking and work are the most important contents of the daily activities of residents. With the accelerated process of urbanization in China, the separation between jobs and residential location of urban low-income groups is getting increasingly more attention. Based on the population concentration index, GIS spatial analysis, and Logit regression analysis methods, and using Beijing's sixth census data and the urban village survey data collected in 2015, we examined the characteristics of the floating population in commuting and the job-housing path, and analyzed the influencing factors. The analysis results show that the distribution of the floating population in Beijing is concentrated in the urban expanded area, and presents a "ring circle" distribution pattern. The floating population of suburban villages usually has a long commuting distance and an obvious separation of workplace and residence, and the corresponding commuting time is long. The floating population of outer suburban villages has a shorter commuting distance and works near their homes, but these places are far away from the urban core area, and accessibility to public service facilities is poor. The number of employed, young, and old members of household, duration of residence in Beijing, income, education level, profession, and means of transportation have significant impacts on commuting distance. The results can provide a reference for understanding the job-housing space structure of the marginalized population in the city and for urban planning.

Key words: commuting, floating population, job-housing mismatch, urban village, Beijing