PROGRESS IN GEOGRAPHY ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (3): 320-326.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2017.03.007

• Special Issue: Resource and Environmental Carrying Capacity • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Capacity for resource exploitation based on marine functional zones: A case study in the Tianjin-Hebei coastal area

Ke CAO1,2(), Zhifeng ZHANG1,2, Hongwei MA1,2, Zhengxian YANG1,2, Anning SUO1,2,*()   

  1. 1. National Marine Environment Monitoring Center, Dalian 116023, Liaoning, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Sea Field Management Technology, SOA, Dalian 116023, Liaoning, China
  • Received:2017-01-01 Online:2017-03-20 Published:2017-03-20
  • Contact: Anning SUO;
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41376120;Science and Technology Service Network Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.KFJ-STS-ZDTP-021


Marine functional zonation is an important basis for marine spatial planning and exploitation, as stipulated by the Sea Use Management Law of the People's Republic of China. In this study, the Delphi method was employed to explore resource consumption coefficients of the 8 types of Grade I and 30 types of Grade II marine functional zones. Then the marine exploitation index and evaluation standard were established. The capacity index of marine exploitation and reclamation index were created based on marine functional zonation. The Tianjin-Hebei coastal area was chosen as a typical case to test the methods and indices. The result shows that the evaluation methods of marine exploitation capacity can reveal the capacity of marine exploitation objectively. Marine exploitation capacity index is 10.30, 13.87, and 10.30 in Cofeidian, Tianjin coastal new district, and Huanghua, which belong to the high capacity zone. Marine exploitation capacity index is 7.61 in Changli, which belongs to the moderate capacity zone. While marine exploitation capacity index is below 5.0 in Qinhuangdao City, Funing, Leting, Luannan, and Fengnan, which belong to the low capacity zone.

Key words: marine exploitation, carrying capacity, marine functional zone, assessment, Tianjin-Hebei coastal area